Theatre is a collaborative form of performing art has long and deep traditions in Tatarstan. The first performance in Kazan was given in 1728 by a group of students. The permanent theatre was founded in 1791.

The first state Tatar theater was founded in 1920, and the first theatre school opened in 1922. The theatre's repertoire was based on works of G. Kamal, Sh. Kamal, M. Faizi, and K. Tinchurin. Performances based on plays by Tazi Gizzat, Sharif Kamal, Hadi Taktash. Over the past period since those years, new names of talented actors, directors and playwrights have appeared in the Tatarstan theatre stage. Nowaday there are 12 theaters in the Republic of Tatarstan. Professional personnel for theaters are trained by the Kazan Theatre School and the Kazan State Academy of Culture and Arts, and some young actors coming from other regions of Russia and even from abroad.

The high level of theatre art of Tatarstan is recognized on both all-Russian and international level.