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  • Geography

    The Republic of Tatarstan is located on the eastern frontier of Europe at the confluence of the Volga and Kama rivers. The distance from Moscow is 797 km. The Republic of Tatarstan covers the territory of 68,000 km², which is roughly the size of such countries as Ireland, Lithuania, or Sri-Lanka. The republic stretches for 290 km from the north to the south and for 460 km from the west to the east. In the north it borders with the Kirov region, in the north-east – the Republic of Udmurtia, in the north-west – the Republic of Mari El, in the west – the Republic of Chuvashia, in the east – the Republic of Bashkortorstan, and in the south – the Samara region, Orenburg region, and Ulyanovsk region. Relief of the Republic of Tatarstan is mainly of flat character. Most of the territory is 200 metres above sea level, with average height of 170 metres. The highest point of the republic is 381 metres, the lowest point being 35 metres. The stable crystalline foundation of the platform is deep seated and is blocked all over by sedimentary rocks of 2000 metres, that makes Tatarstan seismically safe territory.

    Climate of the Republic of Tatarstan is moderate-continental with warm, sometimes hot, summer and moderate cold winter. The average temperature of the coldest month (January) is -14°C, of the warmest (July) +19°C, the annual average temperature is +2.5°C. The annual average amount of precipitation comes to 500 mm, of which 2/3 fall on summer and autumn and 1/3 – on winter and spring. Moderate climate favours development of all kinds of agriculture.

     


    The main wealth of Tatarstan is oil. More than 2.6 milliard tons has been produced for the whole period of oil extraction in the Republic of Tatarstan (since 1946). At present, oil stocks of Tatarstan are estimated to be 0.8-1.0 milliard tons. Along with oil, bradenhead gas is extracted in the amount of 40 m³ per ton of oil. The republic holds rich stocks of petroleum bitumen. Besides, Tatarstan possesses the stocks of brown and black coal, goat, combustible slates, copper ores, gypsum, cement raw material, sand-gravel mixtures, mason’s and glass-making sand, lime-stones and dolomites, clays, phosphorites, mineral waters, medical mud (KIPRT, 1998).

    The republic has huge water resources – annual flow of rivers of the republic exceeds 240 milliard m³. The largest rivers of the republic are the Volga, the Kamaand its two navigable tributaries – the Belaya and the Vyatka. The total flow of the four rivers makes 234 milliard m³ per year. Certain part of the territory of the republic is occupied by reservoirs – the Kuibyshev and the Nizhnekamskyi. Soils are very diverse, the best fertile soils covering 1/3 of the territory. Due to high development of agriculture in Tatarstan, forests occupy only 16% of its territory.

    The surface of the territory of the republic is a raised, hilly plateau which is divided up by the Volga and Kama river valleys into three unequal parts: Predvolzh’e – on the right bank of Volga, Predkam’e – to the north of the Kama, and Zakam’e – to the south of the Kama. About 90% of the land lies bellow 200 m at its highest with the exception of the Bugulma-Belebeevo heights in south-east Tatarstan, where the highest point in the republic reaches 367 m.

  • Glukhoe lake

    Location: the Republic of Mari El, Volzhskyi district

    Glukhoe lake
    Photo: Andrey Roshektaev

    Glukhoe lake
    Photo: Andrey Roshektaev

  • Gorkinskoe I ancient settlement

    Location: Alekseevsky district, at the Gorka village

    It is an area with adjacent monuments covering 42 hectares.

     

     

  • Gorkinskoe II ancient settlement (Balynguz)

    Location: Alekseevsky district, at the Gorka village

    This site remains of an uncompleted town of the 1330s-1340s with an area of about 400 hectares together with adjacent monuments on the Bal’gaguz hill (mausoleum). In area this is the second largest ancient settlement of Tatarstan and the Middle Volga region after Bilyar.

     

     

  • Historical and Ethnographic Museum of Gayaz Iskhaki

    Location: Chistopolsky districtthe Kutlushkyno village

    Gayaz Iskhacky was born on February 22, 1878 in the village Yaushyrma near Chistopolof the Kazan province in the family of the mullah Gylyazetdyn.

    His life experience was difficult, his literary works are numerous including journalistic genres, novels, stories and plays. He was considered as an initiator of the modern Tatar literature be the contemporaries. Gayaz Iskhacky made a valuable contribution to the development of the Tatar press taking part if the editing of the Tatar newspapers in Kazan, Moscow and St. Petersburg. Before the October Revolution he started to fight for the interest of the Tatar nation and was arrested. For the first time he served time in the Chistopol prison in November-December 1906 where he wrote his autobiographic story “Zyndan” (“Prison”).

    In May 1917 Gayaz Iskhacky raised the question about the national-cultural autonomy “Idel-Ural” (“Volga-Ural”) in the First All-Russia Congress of Muslims in Moscow and in the Second Congress in Kazan. In 1919 he left the country being elected the deputy of the Versailles Conference and then couldn’t go back. First he lived in Harbin, then Paris, Berlin, Warsaw, shortly before the World War II he moved to Turkey – Istanbul, Ankara. Abroad he went on his tireless public and literary activities. In 1933 he published his essay “Idel-Ural” in Berlin. G. Iskhacky died on June 22, 1954 and was buried in Istanbul.

    Now the literary heritage of Gayaz Iskhacky is coming again to the readers. The fifteenth volume is coming of his works is being prepared. In the village Kutlushkyno the country-estate of Gayaz Iskhacky is open.

    Source: based on the museum brochure

    For more information visit https://chisto-muzei.ru/istoriko-memorialnyj-i-etnograficheskij-muzej-g-isxaki/

     

     

     

  • House of merchant Naumov

    Location: the Republic of Mari El, Yoshkar-Ola, the old district of the city 

    House of merchant Naumov in Yoshkar-Ola, Mari El, a monument of architecture
    Photo: O. Ermakova

    House of merchant Naumov in Yoshkar-Ola, Mari El, a monument of architecture
    Photo: O. Ermakova

    House of merchant Naumov in Yoshkar-Ola, Mari El, a monument of architecture
    Photo: O. Ermakova

    House of merchant Naumov in Yoshkar-Ola, Mari El, a monument of architecture
    Photo: O. Ermakova

    House of merchant Naumov in Yoshkar-Ola, Mari El, a monument of architecture
    Photo: O. Ermakova

    House of merchant Naumov in Yoshkar-Ola, Mari El, a monument of architecture
    Photo: O. Ermakova

    House of merchant Naumov in Yoshkar-Ola, Mari El, a monument of architecture
    Photo: O. Ermakova

    House of merchant Naumov in Yoshkar-Ola, Mari El, a monument of architecture
    Photo: O. Ermakova

     

  • Imen'kovsky archaeological complex

    Location: Laishevsky district, the Imen’kovo village

    The site is situated in a bend of the river Brysk. There are preserved remains from three different times: the Preanan’ino epoch, the transitional period from Pyanobor to Azelino culture and the Imen’kovo culture itself (4th to 8th centuries). In the 4th century Imen’kovo tribes – Turkic peoples of western Siberian and south Urals origin – appeared in the lower reaches of the Kama, in the Middle Volga and the Sviyaga. These tribes had the customs of arable agriculture and settled stock breeding but also partly practised nomadism and like the Azelino tribes who lived here earlier kept in their herds as well as horses cattle, sheep and goats and pigs but for them (Imen’kovo tribes) horses and camels predominant. For the first time the plough with an iron plough with an iron ploughshare appeared here.

    The Imen’kovo culture preserved family links between patriarchal communities and stood on the last rung of the primitive communal system and it was already in a transitional phase from a society based on common property to a society based on private property. This epoch in history is termed the period of military democracy when the importance of military organisation is becoming greater as well as the power of leaders of tribal groups.

    The 6th-8th centuries witnessed a new penetration of Turkic tribes – the Turkyuts some of whom settled on the Belaya (White) and Kama Rivers and took part in forming the ancestors of the Bashkirs. While that time, the others, the greater part of the tribes, occupied territory on the shores of the Middle Volga and Lower Kama, populated by Imen’kovo tribes and mingled here with ancestors of the Local Finno-Ugric peoples – the Udmurts and Komi.

    The appearance of this stream of Turkic people can be traced through the dissemination throughout the region of silver articles, which they had imported from Central Asia.

     

     

  • Kachalov Kazan Academic Russian Bolshoi Drama Theatre

    Location: Kazan, Baumana, Str. 48

    the history of the theatre dates from 1791. It is one of the most ancient theatres in Russia and is the first theatre in Kazan. Such famous russian actors as Pavel Mochalov, Mikhail Schepkin, Pelageya Strepetova, Vasili Kachalov and others played on the boards of this theatre. The theatre participated in international dramatic festivals, held in Vilnyus, Cairo, Marcelle, Moscow, Pskov.

    For more information visit http://teatrkachalov.ru/

     

     

  • Kazan Kremlin State Historical and Architectural museum-reserve

    Location: Kazan Kremlin, Kazan (see the location map below

    Kazan Kremlin State Historical and Architectural museum-reserve is a unique complex, of historical and architectural monuments, a mixture of Tatar and Russia heritage.

    The museum complex is an object of historical and cultural heritage of the state significance, and an object of cultural heritage of Tatarstan.

    Since 2000 the Kazan Kremlin is listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

    For more information visit https://kazan-kremlin.ru/ 

    Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/kremlinmuseum 

     

    The Kazan Kremlin, Tatarstan, Russia, tourism, travel, cities, districts, sightseeing, tourist, visitor, tourist attractions, places to visit, monuments, local culture, cultural tourism, local tourismPhoto: Andrey Roshektaev

    The Kazan Kremlin, Tatarstan, Russia, tourism, travel, cities, districts, sightseeing, tourist, visitor, tourist attractions, places to visit, monuments, local culture, cultural tourism, local tourismPhoto: Andrey Roshektaev

    Suyumbike Tower at The Kazan Kremlin, Tatarstan, Russia, tourism, travel, cities, districts, sightseeing, tourist, visitor, tourist attractions, places to visit, monuments, local culture, cultural tourism, local tourismPhoto: Andrey Roshektaev

    Suyumbike Tower at The Kazan Kremlin, Tatarstan, Russia, tourism, travel, cities, districts, sightseeing, tourist, visitor, tourist attractions, places to visit, monuments, local culture, cultural tourism, local tourismPhoto: Andrey Roshektaev

    View from the Kremlin on the Kazanka river, Tatarstan, Russia, tourism, travel, cities, districts, sightseeing, tourist, visitor, tourist attractions, places to visit, monuments, local culture, cultural tourism, local tourismPhoto: Andrey Roshektaev

    At the Kremlin, Kazan, Tatarstan, Russia, tourism, travel, cities, districts, sightseeing, tourist, visitor, tourist attractions, places to visit, monuments, local culture, cultural tourism, local tourismPhoto: Andrey Roshektaev

     

     

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  • Kazan State Circus

    Location: Kazan, Kremlyovskaya Str. 2

    Kazan State Circus was established in 1967.

    For more information visit http://www.kazan-circus.ru/

     

     

  • Klenovaya Gora (Maple Mountain)

    Location: the Republic of Mari El, Volzhskyi district

    Surrounding of Klenovaya Gora, Mari El, Russia, Tatarstan, tourism, travel, cities, districts, sightseeing, tourist, visitor, tourist attractions, places to visit, monuments, local culture, cultural tourism, local tourismPhoto: Andrey Roshektaev

    The river Ilet' at Klenovaya GoraMari El, Tatarstan, Russia, tourism, travel, cities, districts, sightseeing, tourist, visitor, tourist attractions, places to visit, monuments, local culture, cultural tourism, local tourismPhoto: Andrey Roshektaev

     

     

     

  • Konaner lake

    Lovation: the Republic of Mari El, Volzhskyi district

    Konaner lake
    Photo: Andrey Roshektaev

    Konaner lake
    Photo: Andrey Roshektaev

    Konaner lake
    Photo: Andrey Roshektaev

    Pinetrees around the lake
    Photo: Andrey Roshektaev

    Shores of the lake
    Photo: Andrey Roshektaev

     

  • Konstantin Vasiliev Memorial Museum

    Location: Zelenodolsky district, Vasilievo, Lenina Str. 61-4

    Established 1994. Opened on January 10, 1996. Became an affiliate of the Republican National Museum of Tatarstan in 1997.

    Internet: http://www.konstantinvasiliev.ru

     

  • Lenin Memorial House

    Location: Kazan, Ulyanov-Lenin Str. 58

    Opened in 1937 in the house where the Ulyanovs lived from September 1888 to May 1989. The rooms occupied by the Ulyanovs were restored.
    A documentary exhibition is displayed in the enlargement to the house.
     
    For more information visit https://lenin.tatmuseum.ru/
     
     
  • Lenin Memorial Museum

    Location: Pestrechinsky district, Tsentral'naya Str. 30, Lenino-Kokushkino Village

    Opened in 1939. In 1985 to 1987 undergone restoration and reconstruction of the former country estate of A.D.Blank, Lenin's grandfather on the maternal side. The house and buildings were restored, a park and an orchard have were laid out. The exhibition dedicated to life of V.I. Lenin during his first political exile is set in the house and the enlargement.

     

    For more information visit http://www.museum.ru/M1419/

     

     

  • Local history museum "Peoples friendship"

    Location: Baltasinsky district, the village of Tsip’ya

    The museum was founded on May 9, 1965. Since 1982 the museum was transformed into "Tsipyinsky Museum of Local Lore Friendship of Peoples" consisting of nine exposition and exhibition halls, and a storage facility. It is an affiliate of the State Joint Museum. 
    A biggest part of the collection consists of paleontology, archaeology and natural artefacts.
    there are also a lot of historical material about the Civil war and World War II, including about the Heroes of the Soviet Union, natives of the Baltasinsky district.
    The museum has a remarkable collection of exhibits of the history of the region concerning the road to Siberia (Sibirskyi Trakt) which lay through this district and along which many prisoners travelled on their way to hard labour in Siberia.

     

    For more information visit http://www.museum.ru/M2668

     

     

  • Local history museum in Almetyevsk

    Location: Almetyevsk, Mir street, 1 (see the location map below
     
     
    The museum was founded in 1953. In 2003 celebrated it's 50th anniversary and moved to a new building, at the current address.
     
    The museum expositions are representing the area's history from the Neolithic age till the present day. The collections of the museum include artifacts of the ancient time, folklore and multicultural/ethnographical elements, modern history of the oil industry region.
     
     
    Almetyevsk museum of local lore, Tatarstan, Russia, tourism, travel, cities, districts, sightseeing, tourist, visitor, tourist attractions, places to visit, monuments, local culture, cultural tourism, local tourism
     
    Almetyevsk museum of local lore, Tatarstan, Russia, tourism, travel, cities, districts, sightseeing, tourist, visitor, tourist attractions, places to visit, monuments, local culture, cultural tourism, local tourism
     
    Almetyevsk museum of local lore, Tatarstan, Russia, tourism, travel, cities, districts, sightseeing, tourist, visitor, tourist attractions, places to visit, monuments, local culture, cultural tourism, local tourism
     
    Almetyevsk museum of local lore, Tatarstan, Russia, tourism, travel, cities, districts, sightseeing, tourist, visitor, tourist attractions, places to visit, monuments, local culture, cultural tourism, local tourism
     
    Almetyevsk museum of local lore, Tatarstan, Russia, tourism, travel, cities, districts, sightseeing, tourist, visitor, tourist attractions, places to visit, monuments, local culture, cultural tourism, local tourism
     
    Almetyevsk museum of local lore, Tatarstan, Russia, tourism, travel, cities, districts, sightseeing, tourist, visitor, tourist attractions, places to visit, monuments, local culture, cultural tourism, local tourism
     
    Almetyevsk museum of local lore, Tatarstan, Russia, tourism, travel, cities, districts, sightseeing, tourist, visitor, tourist attractions, places to visit, monuments, local culture, cultural tourism, local tourism
     
    Almetyevsk museum of local lore, Tatarstan, Russia, tourism, travel, cities, districts, sightseeing, tourist, visitor, tourist attractions, places to visit, monuments, local culture, cultural tourism, local tourism
     
    Almetyevsk museum of local lore, Tatarstan, Russia, tourism, travel, cities, districts, sightseeing, tourist, visitor, tourist attractions, places to visit, monuments, local culture, cultural tourism, local tourism
     
     
     
     
     
  • Local history museum in Zainsk

    Location: Zainsk, Ordzhonikidze Str. 55

    The museum was founded in November 30, 1984 and opened on May 8, 1985.
    The museum has eight exposition halls. the Collections are consist the remains of mammoths, decorative and applied art, numismatics, household artefacts, historic documents, photographs, memorabilias of famous citizens of Zainsk, including their paintings. The ethnographic section exhibits clothes and cultural artefacts of Russians, Tatars, Kryashens (baptized Tatars) and Chuvash peoples.

     

    Internet: https://vk.com/id387014077

     

     

  • Local history museum of Aksubaevsky district

    Location: Aksubaevsky district, Aksubaevo

    The museum was founded in 1987, and has more than 2500 exhibits. The museum contains household, numismatics, archeology items, natural science collection, paintings, and sculptures. As well as documents, photos, clothes and household items of the Tatars and Chuvash. The ethnographic collection has dresses of Chuvash women of the late 19th century, Chuvash and Tatar woven towels, and a Russian tablecloth. 

    The geological collection was based on finding from the Aksubaevskoe bitumen deposit.

    Another exposition is about the noble people of the districts - writers, scientists, Heroes of the Soviet Union and Socialist Labor.

    For more information visit http://www.museum.ru/M2655

     

     

  • Maksim Gorky Literary-Memorial Museum

    Location: Kazan, Gorky Str. 10

    Maxim Gorky (A.M. Peshkov) Museum. Affiliate of the Tatarstan National Museum.
    Opened in 1940, it is the first museum of literary and memorial character in the Republic. The museum was reconstructed in the late 80s and the early 90s, with exhibition space extended by means of an enlargement and new expositions created. Museum stock numbers some 40000 items including unique collection of photographs, interesting book stock, memorabilia donated by the Peshkovs. The Museum houses and exhibits a collection of F.I. Shaliapin memorabilia.

     

    For more information visit www.museum.ru/M1813