• The village of Bilyar - Bilyar State Historical, Archaeological and Natural Museum-Reserve

    Location: Alekseevskyi district, Bilyarsk, Arbuzov Str. 2

    This is one of the most important places linked with the history of the Bulgar State. Bilyar (from the Bulgar – "great") was the biggest of the towns not only of Bulgaria (Suvar, Oshel’, Dzhuketau, etc) but also of medieval Eurasia as a whole (according to archaeologists, bigger than London or Paris of that time).

    From the 10th to the 13th centuries Bilyar was the capital of the Bulgar State. Its area reached 10 million m². The territory included a citadel, inner city, outer city and trading quarter. In the citadel protected by a wooden wall up to 10 m thick, there was a large cathedral mosque, royal cemetery, palace complex, storerooms and workshop. Consisting of big white stone, brick and wooden buildings the town made a striking impression on travellers. One of them, Dzhevaliki, compared its buildings with those of Rum (Constantinople). In the autumn, 1236, the Mongols destroyed Bilyar. In the 14th-16th centuries Bilyar was an ordinary town of Bulgaria and the Kazan Khanate. In the 17th-18th centuries it was a fortified town along the old Zakam’e line which protested against raids by Bashkirs and Nogais. In the 19th century it was famous for its pottery.

    For more information visit https://xn--80abeiejgafejid0blpls8x.xn--p1ai/

     

     

  • Diligent (Tyrysh) Spring

    Location: the Tyrysh village, Aznakaevskyi district

    The spring flows from a height of 3 to 4 metres. People say that on moonlit night lovers climb up to this spring to make their vows. In the old days they used to throw a ring into the spring water: it was considered that in the water sanctified by the ring you could see the face of your beloved and find out his feelings for you.

    For more information visit http://svyato.info/13138-rodnik-tyrysh-u-poselka-tyrysh.html

     

     

  • Geography

    The Republic of Tatarstan is located on the eastern frontier of Europe at the confluence of the Volga and Kama rivers. The distance from Moscow is 797 km. The Republic of Tatarstan covers the territory of 68,000 km², which is roughly the size of such countries as Ireland, Lithuania, or Sri-Lanka. The republic stretches for 290 km from the north to the south and for 460 km from the west to the east. In the north it borders with the Kirov region, in the north-east – the Republic of Udmurtia, in the north-west – the Republic of Mari El, in the west – the Republic of Chuvashia, in the east – the Republic of Bashkortorstan, and in the south – the Samara region, Orenburg region, and Ulyanovsk region. Relief of the Republic of Tatarstan is mainly of flat character. Most of the territory is 200 metres above sea level, with average height of 170 metres. The highest point of the republic is 381 metres, the lowest point being 35 metres. The stable crystalline foundation of the platform is deep seated and is blocked all over by sedimentary rocks of 2000 metres, that makes Tatarstan seismically safe territory.

    Climate of the Republic of Tatarstan is moderate-continental with warm, sometimes hot, summer and moderate cold winter. The average temperature of the coldest month (January) is -14°C, of the warmest (July) +19°C, the annual average temperature is +2.5°C. The annual average amount of precipitation comes to 500 mm, of which 2/3 fall on summer and autumn and 1/3 – on winter and spring. Moderate climate favours development of all kinds of agriculture.

     


    The main wealth of Tatarstan is oil. More than 2.6 milliard tons has been produced for the whole period of oil extraction in the Republic of Tatarstan (since 1946). At present, oil stocks of Tatarstan are estimated to be 0.8-1.0 milliard tons. Along with oil, bradenhead gas is extracted in the amount of 40 m³ per ton of oil. The republic holds rich stocks of petroleum bitumen. Besides, Tatarstan possesses the stocks of brown and black coal, goat, combustible slates, copper ores, gypsum, cement raw material, sand-gravel mixtures, mason’s and glass-making sand, lime-stones and dolomites, clays, phosphorites, mineral waters, medical mud (KIPRT, 1998).

    The republic has huge water resources – annual flow of rivers of the republic exceeds 240 milliard m³. The largest rivers of the republic are the Volga, the Kamaand its two navigable tributaries – the Belaya and the Vyatka. The total flow of the four rivers makes 234 milliard m³ per year. Certain part of the territory of the republic is occupied by reservoirs – the Kuibyshev and the Nizhnekamskyi. Soils are very diverse, the best fertile soils covering 1/3 of the territory. Due to high development of agriculture in Tatarstan, forests occupy only 16% of its territory.

    The surface of the territory of the republic is a raised, hilly plateau which is divided up by the Volga and Kama river valleys into three unequal parts: Predvolzh’e – on the right bank of Volga, Predkam’e – to the north of the Kama, and Zakam’e – to the south of the Kama. About 90% of the land lies bellow 200 m at its highest with the exception of the Bugulma-Belebeevo heights in south-east Tatarstan, where the highest point in the republic reaches 367 m.

  • Castle of Khan Bairash

    Location: the Bugulma-Belebeevo upland, Zainskyi district

    On Mount Lysaya (Bald Hill) has been found an epigraphic monument with characters carved on stone, relating to the epoch of the Mongol conquests. On the stone the name of a Bulgar has been carved, a defender of the motherland against the conquerors. According to the historian and chronicler of the 17th century Khissam ed-Din, the son of Sherif ed-Din, the hill was the site of the castle of Khan Bairash whose guest in the winter of 1395-1396 was the celebrated Timur Alsak or Tamerlane. On the slopes of the hill diggings by 18th century miners have been found: they were digging for ore for the Ishteryalovo copper melting plant.

     

     

  • Elabuga historical-architectural and art museum-reserve

    Location: Elabuga

    The museum-reserve was created in 1990 to preserve monuments of material and spiritual culture. The area is about 491.5 hectares. Within its territory at the present time are 226 monuments of history, architecture and town planning which are under state protection, and in total there are up to 700 buildings and installations in the town and elements of them which are of architectural or other value.

    For more information visit http://www.elabuga.com/

     

     

  • Sviyazhsk State Historical, Architectural and Art Museum-Reserve "Island-City Sviyazhsk"

    Location: Sviyazhsk, Zelenodolskyi district (see the map below)

    The ensemble of buildings of the former town of Sviyazhsk has exceptional and universal value. It includes some of the original structures of the town, which have been preserved. One of them is the wooden Trinity (Troitskaya) Church (1551) with its interior and iconostasis, which is one of the few monuments of Russian wooden architecture of the 16th century to have survived. Next to it is the St. Nicholas (Nikolskaya) Church (1556). The Assumption (Uspenskaya) Church (1560) should be mention, which were built with the participation of the famous master stone mason Postnik Yakovlev (Barma), who created St. Basil’s on the Red Square in Moscow and the Kazan Kremlin. There are 1,080 m² of ancient frescoes have been preserved in the Assumption Cathedral, which for the breadth and variety of their biblical themes and the perfection of their execution are unequalled among the few surviving examples of fresco art of the 16th century. They differ substantially in their technique and use of colour from Novgorod, Pskov, Vladimir-Suzdal’ and Moscow fresco painting.

    It is also unique as an incomparable example of ancient Russian wooden town-building technique and for the sheer scale of the operation to construct and settle the town fortress (75,000 people built it in 24 days) there has been no equivalent anywhere in the world.

    For more information visit https://www.ostrovgrad.org/

     

    Sviyazhsk - town-islandPhoto: Andrey Roshektaev

    Sviyazhsk - town-islandPhoto: Andrey Roshektaev

    Sviyazhsk - town-islandPhoto: Andrey Roshektaev

    Sviyazhsk - town-islandPhoto: Andrey Roshektaev

     

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  • Kazan State Circus

    Location: Kazan, Kremlyovskaya Str. 2

    Kazan State Circus was established in 1967.

    For more information visit http://www.kazan-circus.ru/

     

     

  • Kachalov Kazan Academic Russian Bolshoi Drama Theatre

    Location: Kazan, Baumana, Str. 48

    the history of the theatre dates from 1791. It is one of the most ancient theatres in Russia and is the first theatre in Kazan. Such famous russian actors as Pavel Mochalov, Mikhail Schepkin, Pelageya Strepetova, Vasili Kachalov and others played on the boards of this theatre. The theatre participated in international dramatic festivals, held in Vilnyus, Cairo, Marcelle, Moscow, Pskov.

    For more information visit http://teatrkachalov.ru/

     

     

  • State Ansemble of Song and Dance

    Location: Kazan, Ostrovskogo Str. 2 

    For more information visit http://www.tatans.com/

     

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  • Local history museum "Peoples friendship"

    Location: the village of Tsip’ya, Baltasinskyi district

    The museum was founded on May 9, 1965. Since 1982 the museum was transformed into "Tsipyinsky Museum of Local Lore Friendship of Peoples" consisting of nine exposition and exhibition halls, and a storage facility. It is an affiliate of the State Joint Museum. 
    A biggest part of the collection consists of paleontology, archaeology and natural artefacts.
    there are also a lot of historical material about the Civil war and World War II, including about the Heroes of the Soviet Union, natives of the Baltasinskyi district.
    The museum has a remarkable collection of exhibits of the history of the region concerning the road to Siberia (Sibirskyi Trakt) which lay through this district and along which many prisoners travelled on their way to hard labour in Siberia.

     

    For more information visit http://www.museum.ru/M2668

     

     

  • Gabdulla Tukay museum complex

    Location: the Novy Kyrlai village, Arskyi district

    Branch of the State Joint Museum. Not only admirers of poetry of Tukay know the museum but also all those who know anything at all about this great figure in Tatar culture from the early 20th century.

    The museum exposition features artefacts related to those times, early editions of the poet's works, many photos and works inspired by the verses of Tukay’s creations - stories, fairytales, and poems. 

    While visiting the museum it is also possible to take a wonderful walk through the forest.

     

    Internet: http://tukay-museum.ru/en/ 

     

     

     

  • Maksim Gorky Literary-Memorial Museum

    Location: Kazan, Gorky Str. 10

    Maxim Gorky (A.M. Peshkov) Museum. Affiliate of the Tatarstan National Museum.
    Opened in 1940, it is the first museum of literary and memorial character in the Republic. The museum was reconstructed in the late 80s and the early 90s, with exhibition space extended by means of an enlargement and new expositions created. Museum stock numbers some 40000 items including unique collection of photographs, interesting book stock, memorabilia donated by the Peshkovs. The Museum houses and exhibits a collection of F.I. Shaliapin memorabilia.

     

    For more information visit www.museum.ru/M1813 

     

     

  • Lenin Memorial House

    Location: Kazan, Ulyanov-Lenin Str. 58

    Opened in 1937 in the house where the Ulyanovs lived from September 1888 to May 1989. The rooms occupied by the Ulyanovs were restored.
    A documentary exhibition is displayed in the enlargement to the house.
     
    For more information visit https://lenin.tatmuseum.ru/
     
     
  • Lenin Memorial Museum

    Location: Tsentral'naya Str. 30, Lenino-Kokushkino Village, Pestrechinskyi district

    Opened in 1939. In 1985 to 1987 undergone restoration and reconstruction of the former country estate of A.D.Blank, Lenin's grandfather on the maternal side. The house and buildings were restored, a park and an orchard have were laid out. The exhibition dedicated to life of V.I. Lenin during his first political exile is set in the house and the enlargement.

     

    For more information visit http://www.museum.ru/M1419/

     

     

  • Musa Jalil Memorial Flat

    Location: Kazan, Gorky Str. 17, 27-28

    Opened in 1983 as the RT National Museum affiliate. A museum flat, the exhibition is dedicated to life and creative work of Musa Jalil in Kazan (1929-1941).

     

    For more information visit https://m-jalil.tatmuseum.ru/

     

     

  • Ethnographical museum at Kazan Federal University

    Ethnographical museum at Kazan Federal University 

    Location: 420008 Kazan, Kremlyovskaya Str. 18

    The museum contains of three main expositions: "Ethnographical collection of Kazan University", "Ethnography of the Volga regiona", and "Ethnography of the peoples of the world".

    The museum is open for everyone, but preferences are given to staff and students of Kazan University. Therefore it is highly advised to plan a visit, make an appointment and/or purchase a ticket in advance. It is possible to book an group excursion.

     

    Internet: https://kpfu.ru/museums/etnograficheskij-muzej/dlya-posetitelej 

     

     

  • Yoshkar-Ola

  • Traditional Tatar clothes

    Nowadays people in Tatarstan, especially those living in cities, wear the same clothes as people from megapolices around the world. Though there are some features which belong only Tatars - tyubeteika, shawl, cotton headshawl and so.

    But few dacades ago the Tatar traditional costum was different. Traditional clothes of men consisted of a broad and long shirtsleeve (kyul'mek), easy with straight backs dressing gowns (yshtan), and a camsole (kamzun). In winter cold time men dressed in fur coats (tun) or multon coats (tulup). Men’s headgears were tyubeteika, round fur caps, malahay, and hats - in summer and spring; felt and fur hats in winter (burek). Bukhara dressing gowns were also popular (chapan) and scarfs, as outer clothing had no high and turn down collars.

    Traditional female clothes had much in common with men’s clothing. The main parts were a long shirt (kyul'mek) and trousers (yshtan). Female clothing was richly decorated with embroidery and trim. Women also wore camsoles made of velvet and an apron. A special element of Tatar women’s clothing was a kalphak. The Tatar women had a variety of headgears: different kinds of shawls (yaulyk), ear-flaps, etc. The Tatars also wore leather boots (kata, chitek, kevesh) and multicoloured shoes. Young women also wore breast ornaments made from corals and coins. The Tatar girls walked with an uncovered head, the adult girls and women always carried cotton shawls.

    Source: http://costumer.narod.ruSource: http://costumer.narod.ruSource: http://www.radostno.ru/Source: http://gemslady.clan.suSource: http://gemslady.clan.suSource: http://kult-mus.narod.ruSource: http://www.museum.nnov.ruSource: http://www.tataroved.ruSource: http://www.tatarmoscow.ruSource: http://www.tatarmoscow.ruTatar boots   Source: http://www.nizgar.ruSource: http://www.tmk.kzTyubeteika   Source: http://luiza-m.narod.ru

     

  • Kazan Kremlin State Historical and Architectural museum-reserve

    Location: Kazan Kremlin, Kazan (see the location map below

    Kazan Kremlin State Historical and Architectural museum-reserve is a unique complex, of historical and architectural monuments, a mixture of Tatar and Russia heritage.

    The museum complex is an object of historical and cultural heritage of the state significance, and an object of cultural heritage of Tatarstan.

    Since 2000 the Kazan Kremlin is listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

    For more information visit https://kazan-kremlin.ru/ 

    Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/kremlinmuseum 

     

    The Kazan KremlinPhoto: Andrey Roshektaev

    The Kazan KremlinPhoto: Andrey Roshektaev

    Suyumbike Tower at The Kazan KremlinPhoto: Andrey Roshektaev

    Suyumbike Tower at The Kazan KremlinPhoto: Andrey Roshektaev

    View from the Kremlin on the Kazanka riverPhoto: Andrey Roshektaev

    At the KremlinPhoto: Andrey Roshektaev

     

     

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  • Morskoi Glaz lake

    Location: the Republic of Mari El, at Shariboksad village, 2 km from Sotnur settlement, Volzhskyi district

    The name of the lake means Sea Eye, locals call it Mushyl.

    Morskoi Glaz Lake
    Photo: Andrey Roshektaev

    Morskoi Glaz Lake
    Photo: Andrey Roshektaev

    Waterfall at Morskoi Glaz Lake
    Photo: Andrey Roshektaev

    Slopes of the lake
    Photo: Andrey Roshektaev

    Surroundings of the lake
    Photo: Andrey Roshektaev

    The lake in autumn
    Photo: Andrey Roshektaev