• Kazan and its sights and attractions

    Kazan is the capital city of Tatarstan. The city is situated on the left bank of the Volga river, at the point where the river Kazanka flows into it. The population nearing 1.2 million made up of 77 different ethnic groups. It is one of the biggest and most important cultural and industrial centres in the Volga region. There are museums: State Joint museum of the Republic of Tatarstan, Tatarstan State museum of the Fine Arts, and Kazan University ethnographic museum. Museums of famous people: Gabdulla Tukay, Baratynsky, Musa Dzhalil, Salikh Saidashev, Sharif Kamal, and Maxim Gorky. Exhibitions of the city are Exhibition Hall of the Union of Artists, National cultural centre, Vassiliev exhibition gallery, and Kazanskaya Fair exhibition centre. Theatres of Kazan are Dzhalil Tatar opera and ballet theatre, Kamal Tatar theatre, Kachalov Bol'shoi Russian drama theatre, Tinchurin State drama and comedy theatre, Kazan youth theatre, State puppet theatre, Bol'shoi concert hall, and the Circus.


    Coat of arms






  • Kachalov Kazan Academic Russian Bolshoi Drama Theatre

    Location: Kazan, Baumana, Str. 48

    the history of the theatre dates from 1791. It is one of the most ancient theatres in Russia and is the first theatre in Kazan. Such famous russian actors as Pavel Mochalov, Mikhail Schepkin, Pelageya Strepetova, Vasili Kachalov and others played on the boards of this theatre. The theatre participated in international dramatic festivals, held in Vilnyus, Cairo, Marcelle, Moscow, Pskov.

    For more information visit http://teatrkachalov.ru/



  • Geography

    The Republic of Tatarstan is located on the eastern frontier of Europe at the confluence of the Volga and Kama rivers. The distance from Moscow is 797 km. The Republic of Tatarstan covers the territory of 68,000 km², which is roughly the size of such countries as Ireland, Lithuania, or Sri-Lanka. The republic stretches for 290 km from the north to the south and for 460 km from the west to the east. In the north it borders with the Kirov region, in the north-east – the Republic of Udmurtia, in the north-west – the Republic of Mari El, in the west – the Republic of Chuvashia, in the east – the Republic of Bashkortorstan, and in the south – the Samara region, Orenburg region, and Ulyanovsk region. Relief of the Republic of Tatarstan is mainly of flat character. Most of the territory is 200 metres above sea level, with average height of 170 metres. The highest point of the republic is 381 metres, the lowest point being 35 metres. The stable crystalline foundation of the platform is deep seated and is blocked all over by sedimentary rocks of 2000 metres, that makes Tatarstan seismically safe territory.

    Climate of the Republic of Tatarstan is moderate-continental with warm, sometimes hot, summer and moderate cold winter. The average temperature of the coldest month (January) is -14°C, of the warmest (July) +19°C, the annual average temperature is +2.5°C. The annual average amount of precipitation comes to 500 mm, of which 2/3 fall on summer and autumn and 1/3 – on winter and spring. Moderate climate favours development of all kinds of agriculture.


    The main wealth of Tatarstan is oil. More than 2.6 milliard tons has been produced for the whole period of oil extraction in the Republic of Tatarstan (since 1946). At present, oil stocks of Tatarstan are estimated to be 0.8-1.0 milliard tons. Along with oil, bradenhead gas is extracted in the amount of 40 m³ per ton of oil. The republic holds rich stocks of petroleum bitumen. Besides, Tatarstan possesses the stocks of brown and black coal, goat, combustible slates, copper ores, gypsum, cement raw material, sand-gravel mixtures, mason’s and glass-making sand, lime-stones and dolomites, clays, phosphorites, mineral waters, medical mud (KIPRT, 1998).

    The republic has huge water resources – annual flow of rivers of the republic exceeds 240 milliard m³. The largest rivers of the republic are the Volga, the Kamaand its two navigable tributaries – the Belaya and the Vyatka. The total flow of the four rivers makes 234 milliard m³ per year. Certain part of the territory of the republic is occupied by reservoirs – the Kuibyshev and the Nizhnekamsky. Soils are very diverse, the best fertile soils covering 1/3 of the territory. Due to high development of agriculture in Tatarstan, forests occupy only 16% of its territory.

    The surface of the territory of the republic is a raised, hilly plateau which is divided up by the Volga and Kama river valleys into three unequal parts: Predvolzh’e – on the right bank of Volga, Predkam’e – to the north of the Kama, and Zakam’e – to the south of the Kama. About 90% of the land lies bellow 200 m at its highest with the exception of the Bugulma-Belebeevo heights in south-east Tatarstan, where the highest point in the republic reaches 367 m.

  • About Mari-El

    About Mari-El category

  • Cidatel of Dzhuketau

    Location: at Danaurovka, Chistopolsky district (see the map below

    The place preserved the remains of a Volga-Kama Bulgar town that arose in the pre-Mongol epoch. Dzhuketau was one of the trade centres of the Bulgar State. The wealth of the town and its inhabitants attracted various conquerors and bands of brigands especially the Novgorod’ ushkuiniki. In 1380 a band of Novgorod outlaw led by Anfal Mikitin captured the town and looted it. The local prince complained to the Khan and the letter charged the princes of Suzdal’, Rostov and Nizhnyi Novgorod with capturing the bandits and executing them which was done. But in 1391 the Tsarevich Berkut devastated the Russian villages along the river Vyatka. The people of Vyatka in revenge and again with the help of the river pirates once more looted Dzhuketau. In 1399, in response to the destruction of Nizhnyi Novgorod by the Golden Horde, the Moscow Prince Vasilyi the First organised a new raid on the town. In the end the town could not withstand all these disasters and ceased to exist.




    "Historical and cultural area Dzhuketau was established by the decry of the Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Tatarstan from 20.08.1999, which declares the cultural complex Dzhuketau, a monument of archaeological significance, as a historical and cultural reserve-area, in order to preserve the remains of the one of the Volga-Kama Bulgaria and Ulusa Dzhuchi cities, and its further study, the stimulation of cultural and educational activities and enhance the cultural education of the population, and regulation of the control over land-use, urban development, economic or any other activities on the territory.

    Historical and cultural reserve-area "Dzhuketau" includes:

    • Ancient settlement “Dzhuketau” (the 10-15th centuries) – remains of cultural stratum of one of the largest feudal districts, craft and shopping centres the Volga-Kama Bulgaria, and the Bulgarian medieval city – the centre of the Dzhuketau principality. This is one of the few historically known and precisely localised Bulgarian cities. Dzhuketau was mentioned in the Russian chronicles as Zhukotin alongside the Bolgar city, and was pointed by the Western-European maps as Sacetim. The city was ravaged by the Batyi troops in 1236. In XIV-XV centuries had been repeatedly attacked by ushkuyniki (editor: river pirates) and fell into ruin. There are still some parts preserved: fortress’ site (citadel of the city) floor with three high ramparts and two moats. The settlement is currently occupied be an elevator and severely damaged.
    • Settlement “Danaurovskoe” and burial ground (the second half of the 10th century) - at the western posad (trading quarter).
    • Settlement “Krutogorskoe” (the 10-13th centuries) and burial ground (the 11th century) – at the eastern posad.

    Nowadays the boarders of the reserve-area Dzhuketau are approved alongside three modes of its maintenance and use: reservational (economiv use is forbidden), limited use, and common (all-purpose) use (use is not limited). In the future, it is planned to create the State historical and archaeological reserve on the base of Dzhuketau".

    Source:http://rt-museum.narod.ru (Kaporskyi Aleksey)




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  • Kazan Kremlin State Historical and Architectural museum-reserve

    Location: Kazan Kremlin, Kazan (see the location map below

    Kazan Kremlin State Historical and Architectural museum-reserve is a unique complex, of historical and architectural monuments, a mixture of Tatar and Russia heritage.

    The museum complex is an object of historical and cultural heritage of the state significance, and an object of cultural heritage of Tatarstan.

    Since 2000 the Kazan Kremlin is listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

    For more information visit https://kazan-kremlin.ru/ 

    Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/kremlinmuseum 


    The Kazan KremlinPhoto: Andrey Roshektaev

    The Kazan KremlinPhoto: Andrey Roshektaev

    Suyumbike Tower at The Kazan KremlinPhoto: Andrey Roshektaev

    Suyumbike Tower at The Kazan KremlinPhoto: Andrey Roshektaev

    View from the Kremlin on the Kazanka riverPhoto: Andrey Roshektaev

    At the KremlinPhoto: Andrey Roshektaev



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  • Raifa Monastery

    Location: Zelenodolsky district, Raifa (see the map bellow

    At this famous monastery on of the most revered Orthodox sacred objects is kept – the Icon of the Georgian Virgin (Ikona Gruzinskoi Bozhiei Materi). It is a highly unusual case in post-revolutionary Russia: the monastery although was totally destroyed and virtually all the churches and buildings have been preserved. The foundation of the Raifa hermitage is linked to the name of the Monk Philaret who in 1613 arrived in Kazan from Moscow to join the fraternity of the Spaso-Preobrazhensky monastery in the Kremlin. However, he found himself on the shore of the lake on the site of the present Raifa hermitage where he built himself a hut and lived in solitude praying to God. As supporters and admirers of Philaret began to appear, there was a need for a prayer house and a wooden chapel was built. After the death of Philaret the hermits asked for the blessing of the Kazan Metropolitan Lavrentyi for the foundation a monastery here, which happened in 1661. The name of the monastery came from one of the gateway churches which was erected in the name of the Holy Fathers murdered in Raifa and Sinai (Raifa is a place on the eastern shore of Red Sea).


    RaifaPhoto: Andrey Roshektaev

    RaifaPhoto: Andrey Roshektaev

    RaifaPhoto: Andrey Roshektaev

    RaifaPhoto: Andrey Roshektaev

    Raifa, ice sculpturesPhoto: Andrey Roshektaev

    Ice sculpture at the Raifa LakePhoto: D. van Nieuwburg

    Ice sculpture at the Raifa LakePhoto: D. van Nieuwburg

    Ice sculpture at the Raifa LakePhoto: D. van Nieuwburg

    Ice sculpture at the Raifa LakePhoto: D. van Nieuwburg

    Ice sculpture at the Raifa MonasteryPhoto: D. van Nieuwburg

    Ice sculpture at the Raifa MonasteryPhoto: D. van Nieuwburg

    Christmas tree in RaifaPhoto: D. van Nieuwburg



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  • Russian drama theatre "Masterovye"

    Location: Naberezhnye Chelny

    Address: Ulitsa Akademika Rubanenko, 7, Naberezhnye Chelny, Republic of Tatarstan, Russia

    The Drama Theater began it's activity as an amateur theatre in 1976. Since that time it developed its direction to classical and modern drama plays in Russian for adults and children. Nowadays the theatre is on of the cultural centres of the city as well as of the republic. 

    For more information visit https://russdramteatr.ru/

    Russian drama theatre "Masterovye"













  • Amutbayev Menzelinsk State Tatar Drama Theatre

    Location: Menzelinsk, 423700, M. Jalilya Str. 19

    The Menzelinsk Tatar Drama Theatre was opened in April, 1935.

    For more information visit http://minzalateatr.ru/



  • State Tatar Drama Theatre

    Location: Naberezhnye Chelny, prospekt H.Tufana, 15 (4/16-a)

    Opening of the Naberezhnye Chelny Tatar Drama Theatre occured on December 21, 1990. Nowadays the theatre presents a wide spectrum of modern dramaturgic and classical spectacles in Tatar language.

    For more information visit https://vk.com/club24677145 




  • State Puppet Theatre

    Location: Naberezhnye Chelny, Novyi Gorod, pr. Mira, 18/09

    Puppet theatre was grounded in 1988. The reperotir presents programs in tatar and russian languages for children at age of 3-12 years old.

    For more information visit http://www.chelny-puppet.ru/afisha/




  • Jalil Opera and Ballet Tatar State Academic Theatre

    Location: Svobody Sq. 1, Kazan (see the location map below

    The history of M. Jalil Opera and Ballet Tatar Academic Theatre originates from December, 1938. The troop of the theatre relates to one of the best operatic and choreographic collectives in Russia. Each year two international festivals are held at the theatre: F. Shalyapin International Festival of Opera Art and R. Nuriyev International Festival of Classical Ballet.

    For more information visit http://www.kazan-opera.ru/

     Jalil Opera and Ballet Tatar State Academic Theatre, KazanPhoto: Andrey Roshektaev

    Fountain at Jalil Opera and Ballet Tatar State Academic Theatre, Kazan
    Photo: Andrey Roshektaev


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  • Kazan Tatar State Theatre of Young Spectator

    Location: Kazan, Peterburgskaya St, 55б

    The theatre began its` activity as a dramatic studio to the Kazan Russian Theatre of Young Spectator, but in 1991 it obtained a state status. Since that time the theatre began to implement direction of classical and modern dramaturgic plays predominategly for children of preschool and school ages. The repertory also includes the plays for adults.

    For more information visit http://karievteatr.ru/


  • Kazan State Theatre of Young Spectator

    Location: Kazan, Ostrovskogo Str. 10

    The history of theatre originates from 1932. The repertoir consists mainly of russian and world-wide classical and dramaturgic plays in russian language. The theatre is a Laureate of Tatarstan`s Premium (1992), a Laureate of the Russian "Golden Mask" National Premium (1996).

    For more information visit http://www.kazan-tuz.ru/



  • Tinchourin Tatar State Drama and Comedy Theatre

    Location: Kazan, M.Gorky Str. 13

    At the expanse of many years the theatre pleases rural and urban inhabitants with its creative work. Thanks to it`s mobility and high creative potential the theatre is well-known both in the Republic of Tatarstan, and in all CIS territory.

    For more information visit http://tinchurinteatr.ru/ 



  • Kamal Tatar State Academic Theatre

    Location: Kazan, Tatarstan Str. 1

    One of the best national theatres in Russia. Laureat of the First Turkish World Theatres Festival (Turkey).

    For more information visit http://www.kamalteatr.ru/





  • Bugulma State Russian Drama Theatre

    Location: Bugulma, Lenin Street, 28

    For more information visit http://bugulmateatr.ru/




  • Almetyevsk State Tatar Drama Theatre

    Location: Almetyevsk, Lenina Str. 37 (see the map below)
    The history of the Almetyevsk tatar Drama theatre originates from 1944. Modern dramaturgic creations form the base of theatre`s repertoir.

    For more information visit http://almetteatr.ru/


    Almetyevsk State Tatar Drama Theatre



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  • "Ekiyat" Tatar State Puppet Theatre

    Location: Kazan, Peterburgskaya St, 57

    "Ekiyat" ("Fairy tale")Tatar Puppet Theatre was founded in 1934. It is one of the leading puppet theatres of the country. About 100 people works in the theatre, 25 of them are professional actors, performing both in Russian and Tatar languages. The repertoire of the theatre includes performances for children of different age and for students.

    Since 1974 "Ekiyat" Tatar State Puppet Theatre is a member of the International Organisation of puppet theatres - UNIMA

    For more information visit http://ekiatkazan.ru/





  • Karim Tinchurin Theatre Festival

    Location: Kazan

    he Republican Karim Tinchurin Theatre Festival. The festival is held once every year two years in Kazan and features professional Tatar theatres from Tatarstan, Russia and the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS).