Спасский район

Спасский район

  • Bolgar Historical and Architectural Museum-Reserve

    Location: Spassky district, Bolgar

    The Bolgar reserve is situated to the south of the town. Nowadays this place is not only a most important tourist centre and a constant object of interest for scholars, historians, archaeologists, orientalists, art historians and so on but also a place of pilgrimage for Muslims seeking to complete a small "hadj" to holy places. Over the centuries the architectural monuments which have come down to us have stirred the imagination of many people. Peter the Great who was here in 1722 issued an edict for the protection of this territory. Catherine the Second while visiting these places in 1767 responded in the following words: "…whatever has remained here was built of very good stone, the Tatars show great honour to their place and travel to these ruins to pray to God". But a certain persecutor, Archbishop Luka of Kazan under the late Empress Elizaveta, grew envious and destroyed a great deal and out of his built a church and cellars and used it for a monastery. Although there is an edict of Peter the Great to do no harm and not to destroy this ancient place.

    The Bolgar architectural-archaeological complex covers 380 hectares. It consists of the Bolgar settlement (the 10th-15th centuries) – a cultural layer of the centre of Volga Bolgaria – the town of Bolgar, the economic, political and cultural centre of Volga Bolgaria. And also the Bolgar ulus (nomad camp of settlement) of the Golden Horde within the bounds of the fortifications in the form of a rampart and moat 5.63 km long, which surrounded its territory from south, west and east from the 13th to the beginning of the 14th centuries.

    There remnants of monumental stone and brick structures of the second half of the 13th to 14th centuries – The Northern and Eastern Mausoleums, the Chyornaya (Black) Chamber, the Malyi (Small) Minaret, the Khan’s Burial Vault – have been preserved on the territory of the settlement. As well as stone and brick ruins of buildings of public and religious significance like the Cathedral Mosque, the Red, White and Greek Chambers, The Khan’s Bathhouse and mausoleums. They have survived from the once populous town of Bolgar in the period of its prosperity in the second half of the 13th and first half of the 14th centuries.

    At the present time more than 100 remnants of ancient buildings have been identified. The ancient part of the town from Bolgar times in the north-eastern part of the monument dating back to the 10th and 11th centuries has been discovered, the growth of the territory of the settlement has been traced and dwelling, artisan and also architectural and defensive buildings have been studied. This is a Muslim holy place, a place of pilgrimage as well as a place for tourist excursions and a place for holding international events (the 1100 anniversary of the adoption of Islam by Volga Bulgaria, and the Ist and IInd World Congresses of Tatars, etc).

    For more infomation visit https://vbolgar.ru/?lang=en



  • Bolgar State Reserve of History and Architecture

    Location: Spassky district, Bolgary, Nazarova Str. 67

    Established in 1969 with the aim to preserve historical and cultural monuments of Middle Volga and Kama peoples, the reserve comprises monuments of the largest cities in Volga-Kama Bolgari, Bolgar and Suvar. As a subdivision, the reserve incorporates the Spassk-Kuibyshev City Museum of History.
    Museum stock of over 80,000 items being mostly the items of archaeological excavations.

    Internet: https://vbolgar.ru/?lang=en


  • Spassky district and its sights and attractions

    The centre of the district is Bulgary. Area – 2028,0 square km. Population – 21,7 thousand people. The district was founded in 1930. There is a pier on the Volga and an airport.

    The city of Bulgary is situated on the left bank of the Kuibyshev reservoir, 140 km to the south from Kazan, 100 km to the north from the railway station Cherdakly. There is a pier. Population – 8,4 thousand people. The settlement was founded in 1781.


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    Spassky district, Tatarstan, Russia, tourism, travel, cities, districts, sightseeing, tourist, visitor, tourist attractions, places to visit, monuments, local culture, cultural tourism, local tourism

    Spassky district, Tatarstan, Russia, tourism, travel, cities, districts, sightseeing, tourist, visitor, tourist attractions, places to visit, monuments, local culture, cultural tourism, local tourism



  • Suvar ancient settlement (gorodishche)

    Location: Spassky district,  the Tatarskyi Gorodok village

    The cultural layer of one of the major towns of Volga Bulgaria recorded since the 10th century. The site of the settlement is toughly triangular in shape (the circumference is about 4.5 km in length) and surrounded by ramparts and ditches on three sides (north-eastern, south-western and southern). The clay mixed with other materials and log dwellings, the brick palace and also certain construction features of defensive installations have been studied by archaeological expeditions. The archaeological materials obtained and written sources prove that the period when the town was flourishing relates to the 11th-12th centuries. After the Mongol invasion Suvar went into decline and by the end of the 14th century had fallen into neglect. Also of interest are other archaeological monuments of different epochs and also the natural landscape: the Armenian colony (the 13th-14th centuries), the Greek chamber (the 14th century), the Agai Bazar site (Neolithic, the 14th-15th centuries), and Rabiga-Kul’.

  • Tanakeevka burial ground

    Location: Spassky district, the Tanakeevka village

    This monument (the 9th-10th centuries) is one of the most important in Eastern Europe and crucial in illuminating significant questions of the history of Volga Bulgaria, such as the timing of the appearance in the Middle Volga region of this new political entity, the development of a general Volga culture as the result of interaction of various cultural components, the nature and timing of the appearance of Muslim rites, and so on.