• Elabuga historical-architectural and art museum-reserve

    Location: Elabuga

    The museum-reserve was created in 1990 to preserve monuments of material and spiritual culture. The area is about 491.5 hectares. Within its territory at the present time are 226 monuments of history, architecture and town planning which are under state protection, and in total there are up to 700 buildings and installations in the town and elements of them which are of architectural or other value.

    For more information visit http://www.elabuga.com/

     

     

  • Kazan State Theatre of Young Spectator

    Location: Kazan, Ostrovskogo Str. 10

    The history of theatre originates from 1932. The repertoir consists mainly of russian and world-wide classical and dramaturgic plays in russian language. The theatre is a Laureate of Tatarstan`s Premium (1992), a Laureate of the Russian "Golden Mask" National Premium (1996).

    For more information visit http://www.kazan-tuz.ru/

     

     

  • Local history museum of Aktanyshskyi district

    Location: Prospekt Mira 5, Aktanysh, Aktanyshskyi district


    The museum was founded  on May 17, 1975, by local volunteers.

    The collection cocnsists of artefacts representing history of Aktanysh and the district from ancient times to nowadays. There are ten expositions of most significant items. The expositions are dedicated to nature and history of Aktanysh, famous people of the district, and other impostant aspects of development of Aktanyshskyi district.

    For more information visit https://museumakt.wordpress.com

     

     

  • The village of Bilyar - Bilyar State Historical, Archaeological and Natural Museum-Reserve

    Location: Alekseevskyi district, Bilyarsk, Arbuzov Str. 2

    This is one of the most important places linked with the history of the Bulgar State. Bilyar (from the Bulgar – "great") was the biggest of the towns not only of Bulgaria (Suvar, Oshel’, Dzhuketau, etc) but also of medieval Eurasia as a whole (according to archaeologists, bigger than London or Paris of that time).

    From the 10th to the 13th centuries Bilyar was the capital of the Bulgar State. Its area reached 10 million m². The territory included a citadel, inner city, outer city and trading quarter. In the citadel protected by a wooden wall up to 10 m thick, there was a large cathedral mosque, royal cemetery, palace complex, storerooms and workshop. Consisting of big white stone, brick and wooden buildings the town made a striking impression on travellers. One of them, Dzhevaliki, compared its buildings with those of Rum (Constantinople). In the autumn, 1236, the Mongols destroyed Bilyar. In the 14th-16th centuries Bilyar was an ordinary town of Bulgaria and the Kazan Khanate. In the 17th-18th centuries it was a fortified town along the old Zakam’e line which protested against raids by Bashkirs and Nogais. In the 19th century it was famous for its pottery.

    For more information visit https://xn--80abeiejgafejid0blpls8x.xn--p1ai/

     

     

  • Local history museum of Alkeevskyi district, n.a. S.M. Lysenkov

    Location: Bazarnye Mataki, Alkeevskyi district,Tatarstan, Russia

    The museum was founded in 2004, and opened in 2008. The museum is located in a building built in 1814. The museum is admitted to the Association of Cosmonautics Museums of the Russian Federation.

    the museum's expositions are dedicated to the district's rich history - archaeological finds, preserved monuments of history and culture dating back to the Paleolithic. The main and biggest part of the collection is represented by items of archeology, numismatics, ethnography, natural science collection, history of technology. 

     

    Internet: https://alkeevskiy.tatarstan.ru/informyzei.htm

     

     

  • Sviyazhsk State Historical, Architectural and Art Museum-Reserve "Island-City Sviyazhsk"

    Location: Sviyazhsk, Zelenodolskyi district (see the map below)

    The ensemble of buildings of the former town of Sviyazhsk has exceptional and universal value. It includes some of the original structures of the town, which have been preserved. One of them is the wooden Trinity (Troitskaya) Church (1551) with its interior and iconostasis, which is one of the few monuments of Russian wooden architecture of the 16th century to have survived. Next to it is the St. Nicholas (Nikolskaya) Church (1556). The Assumption (Uspenskaya) Church (1560) should be mention, which were built with the participation of the famous master stone mason Postnik Yakovlev (Barma), who created St. Basil’s on the Red Square in Moscow and the Kazan Kremlin. There are 1,080 m² of ancient frescoes have been preserved in the Assumption Cathedral, which for the breadth and variety of their biblical themes and the perfection of their execution are unequalled among the few surviving examples of fresco art of the 16th century. They differ substantially in their technique and use of colour from Novgorod, Pskov, Vladimir-Suzdal’ and Moscow fresco painting.

    It is also unique as an incomparable example of ancient Russian wooden town-building technique and for the sheer scale of the operation to construct and settle the town fortress (75,000 people built it in 24 days) there has been no equivalent anywhere in the world.

    For more information visit https://www.ostrovgrad.org/

     

    Sviyazhsk - town-islandPhoto: Andrey Roshektaev

    Sviyazhsk - town-islandPhoto: Andrey Roshektaev

    Sviyazhsk - town-islandPhoto: Andrey Roshektaev

    Sviyazhsk - town-islandPhoto: Andrey Roshektaev

     

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  • Russian folk calendar

     
     Month  Slavic name
     Meaning
     January  Sechen'
    (Сечень)
     Time of tree felling
     February  Lyutyi, Snezhen'
    (Лютый, Снежень)
     Month of frosts and snowfalls
     March Berezozol, Protal'nik, Kapel'nik
    (Березозол, Протальник, Капельник)
     Cutting birch (beryoza), burning it to ashes (zola) for agricultural purpose
     April  Tsveten'
    (Цветень)
     Start of blossoming (tsvetenie)
     May  Traven'
    (Травень)
     Grass (trava) covers the ground
     June  Cherven', Izok
    (Червень, Изок)

     Collecting material for making red paint,
    or grasshopper (izok)

     July  Lipets, Stradnik
    (Липец, Страдник)
     Linden blossoms,
    or haymaking time
     August  Serpen'
    (Серпень)
     Time to harvest by sickle (serp)
     Semtember  Khmuren'
    (Хмурень)
     Cloudy (kmuroe) sky
     October  Listopad, Gryaznik
    (Листопад, Грязник)
     Autumn fall of leaves, time of mud (gryaz')
     November  Gruden'
    (Грудень)
     Frozen muddy road (gruden')
     December  Studen'
    (Студень)
     Frost (stuzha)
  • Traditional Tatar clothes

    Nowadays people in Tatarstan, especially those living in cities, wear the same clothes as people from megapolices around the world. Though there are some features which belong only Tatars - tyubeteika, shawl, cotton headshawl and so.

    But few dacades ago the Tatar traditional costum was different. Traditional clothes of men consisted of a broad and long shirtsleeve (kyul'mek), easy with straight backs dressing gowns (yshtan), and a camsole (kamzun). In winter cold time men dressed in fur coats (tun) or multon coats (tulup). Men’s headgears were tyubeteika, round fur caps, malahay, and hats - in summer and spring; felt and fur hats in winter (burek). Bukhara dressing gowns were also popular (chapan) and scarfs, as outer clothing had no high and turn down collars.

    Traditional female clothes had much in common with men’s clothing. The main parts were a long shirt (kyul'mek) and trousers (yshtan). Female clothing was richly decorated with embroidery and trim. Women also wore camsoles made of velvet and an apron. A special element of Tatar women’s clothing was a kalphak. The Tatar women had a variety of headgears: different kinds of shawls (yaulyk), ear-flaps, etc. The Tatars also wore leather boots (kata, chitek, kevesh) and multicoloured shoes. Young women also wore breast ornaments made from corals and coins. The Tatar girls walked with an uncovered head, the adult girls and women always carried cotton shawls.

    Source: http://costumer.narod.ruSource: http://costumer.narod.ruSource: http://www.radostno.ru/Source: http://gemslady.clan.suSource: http://gemslady.clan.suSource: http://kult-mus.narod.ruSource: http://www.museum.nnov.ruSource: http://www.tataroved.ruSource: http://www.tatarmoscow.ruSource: http://www.tatarmoscow.ruTatar boots   Source: http://www.nizgar.ruSource: http://www.tmk.kzTyubeteika   Source: http://luiza-m.narod.ru