religion

religion

  • Annunciation (Blagoveshchenskyi) cathedral

    Location: Kazan, Sheynkman Str.

    The cathedral is a unique 16th century monument, the most ancient of the Orthodox cathedrals in the central Volga region. Pskov master builders under the direction of the famous Postnik Yakovlev built it in 1556. Originally it was made entirely of stone with 6 columns, 5 cupolas and 5 apses, and with two chapels on either side or a porch running between them which curved round the central cube of the cathedral. This, the main Christian place of worship in Kazan, had additions made to it right up to the middle of the 19th century. The architecture of the cathedral displays traditions from different schools and different periods. From its initial form the central body of the cathedral with the one middle drum has survived to this day as have three apses, the foundations of the two stone side-chapels, traces of the interior fresco and a number of decorative elements. An addition to the number of unique items worth seeing at the cathedral is a stone with an inscription in Arabic of an epigraphic nature, which was discovered in the ancient wall masonry under a layer of plaster in the course of restoration work. The builders used it as a door crosspiece.

     

     

     

  • Apanaev (Masjid) mosque

    Location: Kazan, Kayum Nasyri Str. 29

    It is one of the earliest stone Muslim buildings, which have been preserved in Kazan. The mosque was constructed from 1768 to 1769. The baroque style is reflected in decorative motives of varying origin – Tatar, Russian and west European. Mosque was built during the first third of the 19th century already bear the imprint of classicism – this is a characteristic type of mosque with the minaret on the roof. The two-storey building included service and household premises (a stockroom, library, and woodshed, etc.), and warehousing for merchants. On the first floor might be classrooms for the madrasah or mekteb (elementary school) of the parish.

     

     

  • Cathedral of the Epiphany (Bogoyavlenskyi sobor)

    Location: Kazan, Bauman Str. 78 (see the map below

    The church was built from 1731 to 1776 with funds donated by a well-known Kazan factory owner I.A.Mikhlyaev and the merchant S.A.Chernov and is a typical monument of Kazan architecture from the first half of the 18th century in the baroque style. The bell tower, which replaced an earlier structure at the turn of the present century, was designed by architect M.Mikhailov. This impressive tall tower of 74 m is made of red brick and has the stamp of pseudo-Russian style, what you can notice by patterned surface. The cathedral is one of the most memorable and eye-catching buildings in the old part or the city.

     

    Cathedral of the Epiphany (Bogoyavlenskyi sobor), Tatarstan, Russia, tourism, travel, cities, districts, sightseeing, tourist, visitor, tourist attractions, places to visit, monuments, local culture, cultural tourism, local tourism
    Photo: Sergei i Masha Popovy, www.sobory.ru

    Cathedral of the Epiphany (Bogoyavlenskyi sobor), Tatarstan, Russia, tourism, travel, cities, districts, sightseeing, tourist, visitor, tourist attractions, places to visit, monuments, local culture, cultural tourism, local tourismPhoto: Sergei i Masha Popovy, www.sobory.ru

    Cathedral of the Epiphany (Bogoyavlenskyi sobor), Tatarstan, Russia, tourism, travel, cities, districts, sightseeing, tourist, visitor, tourist attractions, places to visit, monuments, local culture, cultural tourism, local tourism Photo:Sergei i Masha Popovy, www.sobory.ru

    Cathedral of the Epiphany (Bogoyavlenskyi sobor), Tatarstan, Russia, tourism, travel, cities, districts, sightseeing, tourist, visitor, tourist attractions, places to visit, monuments, local culture, cultural tourism, local tourism Photo:Vasiliy Shelyomin, www.sobory.ru

    Cathedral of the Epiphany (Bogoyavlenskyi sobor), Tatarstan, Russia, tourism, travel, cities, districts, sightseeing, tourist, visitor, tourist attractions, places to visit, monuments, local culture, cultural tourism, local tourism Photo:Mikhail Sukhanov, www.sobory.ru

     

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  • Church of Holy Kirill Belozerskyi, Alexandr Nevskyi and Mefodyi Patarskyi

    Location: Vysokogorsky district

    It is the great two-tire church with delicately worked cross on the top has survived and inside there are fragments of the beautiful frescoes which once covered its wall.

     

     

  • John the Baptist (Ioanno-Predtechenskyi) monastery

    Location: Kazan, Bauman St, 1/2n (see the map below

    The monastery was founded in 1564-1568 in honour of Ivan the Terrible. After the fire in the middle of the 17th century the wooden buildings of the monastery burned down. In 1662 stone buildings were erected: the unheated Ioanno-Predtechensky Church with three tent-shaped towers, the heated Church of the Ascension (Voznesseniya), a bell tower, monks’ quarters, a monastery wall with outside church, and, at the end of the 18th century, a chapel designed by Kaftyrev. The small Ascension Church of 1652 has survived to these days. It is adorned with five onion-shaped cupolas and a bell tower. Both buildings are brick in the 17th century Moscow baroque style.

    John the Baptist (Ioanno-Predtechenskyi) monastery, Tatarstan, Russia, tourism, travel, cities, districts, sightseeing, tourist, visitor, tourist attractions, places to visit, monuments, local culture, cultural tourism, local tourismPhoto: Sergey and Masha Popovy www.sobory.ru

    John the Baptist (Ioanno-Predtechenskyi) monastery, Tatarstan, Russia, tourism, travel, cities, districts, sightseeing, tourist, visitor, tourist attractions, places to visit, monuments, local culture, cultural tourism, local tourismPhoto: Andrey Roshektaev www.sobory.ru

    John the Baptist (Ioanno-Predtechenskyi) monastery, Tatarstan, Russia, tourism, travel, cities, districts, sightseeing, tourist, visitor, tourist attractions, places to visit, monuments, local culture, cultural tourism, local tourismPhoto: Sergey and Masha Popovy www.sobory.ru

     

    The Ascension Church

    The Ascension Church in John the Baptist (Ioanno-Predtechenskyi) monastery, Tatarstan, Russia, tourism, travel, cities, districts, sightseeing, tourist, visitor, tourist attractions, places to visit, monuments, local culture, cultural tourism, local tourismPhoto: Sergey and Masha Popovy www.sobory.ru

    The Ascension Church in John the Baptist (Ioanno-Predtechenskyi) monastery, Tatarstan, Russia, tourism, travel, cities, districts, sightseeing, tourist, visitor, tourist attractions, places to visit, monuments, local culture, cultural tourism, local tourismPhoto: Vasiliy Shelyomin www.sobory.ru

     

     

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  • Kazan Virgin (Kazanskoi Bogoroditsy) church

    Location: Pestrechinsky district, the Cheremyshevo village

    The church was built in 1741 (restored in 1985). The standard basilica type Russian church of the baroque period. It was the church where 1863 Maria Blank and Ilya Ulyanov, Lenin’s parents, were married in 1863. In the cemetery, attached to the church, there is a group of graves of Lenin’s relatives on the maternal line.

     

     

  • Kseninskaya church

    Location: Mamadyshsky district, Mamadysh

    The functioning three-nave five-dome church – an architectural monument of the second half of the 19th century in eclectic style.

     

     

  • Kul-Sharif mosque

    Location: Kazan, Sheynkman Str. (see the map below

    According to Russian chronicles, somewhere here the legendary eight-minarets Kul-Sharif mosque stood, the form of which evidently influenced the design of St. Basil’s cathedral in Moscow, which was erected in 1552 in honour of the capture of Kazan, a church of an unusual construction for Russian architecture. The exact site of the mosque, which has gone down in history under the name of its Imam Said Kul-Sharif who led the defence of this part of the city in 1552, remains undetermined to this day. However, the image of the mosque turned out to be very strong in the minds of the Tatar people. And after almost five centuries the decision was taken to erect a new mosque with that name in the grounds of the Kazan Kremlin, in the courtyard of the former cadet school.

     

    Kul-Sharif mosque in Kazan, Tatarstan, Russia, tourism, travel, cities, districts, sightseeing, tourist, visitor, tourist attractions, places to visit, monuments, local culture, cultural tourism, local tourism

    Kul-Sharif mosque in Kazan, Tatarstan, Russia, tourism, travel, cities, districts, sightseeing, tourist, visitor, tourist attractions, places to visit, monuments, local culture, cultural tourism, local tourism

     

     

     

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  • Makariev monastery

    Location: Verkhneuslonsky district, Vvedenskaya Sloboda (see the map below

    The monastery is situated on the right bank of the river Sviyaga. Makariev’s hermitage consists of an ensemble of monastery buildings surrounded by a wall. The foundation of the monastery probably dates to the middle of the 16th century. Unfortunately, the original buildings have not been preserved. The monastery comprises the Ascension Cathedral (1829), the Consolation of All Sorrows Church (1866), the chapel, the monk’s quarters, icehouse, bakery, warehouse and the wall. In 1995 the monastery was given over to the Kazan Eparchy.

     

    Makariev monastery, Tatarstan, Russia, tourism, travel, cities, districts, sightseeing, tourist, visitor, tourist attractions, places to visit, monuments, local culture, cultural tourism, local tourismPhoto: Andrey Roshektaev

    Makariev monastery, Tatarstan, Russia, tourism, travel, cities, districts, sightseeing, tourist, visitor, tourist attractions, places to visit, monuments, local culture, cultural tourism, local tourism
    Photo: Andrey Roshektaev

     

     

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  • Mardzhani mosque

    Location: Kazan, Kayum Nasyri Str. 17

    The mosque is one of the earliest stone mosques in Kazan. Built at the end of the 1760s by local Tatar master builders to the design of V.I.Kaftyrev in the Russian baroque style. Permission for the building of the mosque was given personally by Catherine the Great during her visit to Kazan.

     

     

     

  • Mosque in Almetyevsk

    Location: Almetyevsk

    One of the three mosques, which were open in Almetyevsk before the revolution. Khadi Atlasov – the future public figure, scholar, historian and writer – was elected Imam of the one of them in 1903. While Atlasov was working at the mosque he taught in the parish madrasah and was one of the initiators of the opening a school for girls. In 1907 Atlasov became a deputy of the second State Duma. The brick building of the mosque, which has survived, was built in the 1870s.

     

     

  • Nikolo-Nizskaya church at the Nilol'skyi cathedral

    Location: Kazan, Bauman Str. 5

    This is a complex of churches from the beginning of the 18th to the second half of the 19th century: the Pokrovskaya church with bell tower (1703) and the Nikola Nizskaya church (1885). Before the service and especially church festivals the sound of the bells carries from here all over the surrounding area. The Pokrovskaya church and a bell tower, what were built in 1703, are valuable monuments of Russian baroque of the early 18th century. Inside the church there are frescoes covering the arches, tiers and pillars and also an iconostasis in very good condition. The five-tier bell tower is building was until recently the only surviving example in the city of the glazed, scaly ceramic tiles which were widespread in Kazan in the 18th century. In 1885 in place of the Nikolskyi chapel, which had become dilapidated a new church was built onto the Pokrovskaya church from the southern side and was given the name of Nikolo-Nizskaya church.

     

     

  • Nizhnekamsk cathedral mosque

    Location: Nizhnekamsk, Prospekt Khimikov, 59

    The biggest mosque in Russia was opened in 1996 on the eve of the 30th anniversary of the town. The building of original architectural design has no cupola but four minarets: three of them are 66 m with a madrasah and one at the central entrance is 5 m higher. This is a whole religious complex with a madrasah, a library and a hotel. The interior decor of the mosque includes 1000 m² of carpets, the walls and steps of the main staircase are finished in marble. In the three prayer halls (the main one is 900 m²) over a thousand people can pray at the same time.

     

     

     

  • Nurulla Mosque (Sennaya Mosque)

    Location: Kazan, Moskovskaya Str. 74

    The mosque was built in 1849 by the architect A.I.Peske, and for many years was the most important Muslim religious buildings in Kazan (the minaret was destroyed in the Soviet time). In the words of the architect N.Khalitov, the significance of its appearance in the district of the ancient Kuraish settlement, where in the times of the Kazan Khans the famous Utyz (Otuch) mosque stood, was underlined by the symbolic use of the forms of the Dzhami minaret, thus symbolically transported from the city of Bulgar to the central square of Tatar Kazan.

     

     

     

  • Our Lady (Bogoroditsy) monastery

    Location: Vysokogorsky district, Semiozerka

    It is an architectural monument of the 17th - early 20th centuries. The monk Yevfimyi founded the original hermitage. The buildings, which have survived, are a two-storey block of the deputy Abbot and monks in the baroque style, two-storey monks’ quarters, one of the churches and the monastery walls.

     

     

     

  • Peter and Paul (Petropavlovskyi) cathedral

    Location: Kazan, Musa Dzhalil Str. 21

    The cathedral was built in 1723-1726 in memory of Peter the Great’s visit to Kazan, in place of the wooden Petrovskaya Church. The Peter and Paul cathedral is the most valuable example of Russian baroque architecture of the beginning of the 18th century. Unfortunately, time has not preserved the names of the creators of this remarkable building. The church and bell tower decorated as they are by a fantastic interwoven design of branches, grasses and grapevines, and painted in bright shades. The two-tier vaulted building of the church, which rises to a height of 52 metres, is skirted by an open curved gallery, which is reached by two main porches, one from the southwest, the other – from the north. Once on the gallery there is opportunity to notice how well chosen the location and architectural design of the building are. From the bell town there is a wonderful view of the city.

     

     

     

  • Polish Roman Catholic church - Parish of the Holy Cross

    Location: Kazan, Ostrovskyi Str. 73

    The light building of the Kazan Roman Catholic church surrounded by a small garden was built in 1858. Due to a reconstruction by the architect P.T.Zhukovskyi in 1908 it has acquired, according to specialists, the very typical appearance of a Polish Roman Catholic church, which is easy to explain when you remember the sizeable Polish diaspora in Kazan and the region. Unlike many other churches in Kazan, which have been returned to their religious communities, the Kostel continues in secular use as one of the buildings of the Tupolev Kazan State Technical University.

     

     

  • Raifa Monastery

    Location: Zelenodolsky district, Raifa (see the map below

    At this famous monastery on of the most revered Orthodox sacred objects is kept – the Icon of the Georgian Virgin (Ikona Gruzinskoi Bozhiei Materi). It is a highly unusual case in post-revolutionary Russia: the monastery although was totally destroyed and virtually all the churches and buildings have been preserved. The foundation of the Raifa hermitage is linked to the name of the Monk Philaret who in 1613 arrived in Kazan from Moscow to join the fraternity of the Spaso-Preobrazhensky monastery in the Kremlin. However, he found himself on the shore of the lake on the site of the present Raifa hermitage where he built himself a hut and lived in solitude praying to God. As supporters and admirers of Philaret began to appear, there was a need for a prayer house and a wooden chapel was built. After the death of Philaret the hermits asked for the blessing of the Kazan Metropolitan Lavrentyi for the foundation a monastery here, which happened in 1661. The name of the monastery came from one of the gateway churches which was erected in the name of the Holy Fathers murdered in Raifa and Sinai (Raifa is a place on the eastern shore of Red Sea).

     

    Raifa monastery, Tatarstan, Russia, tourism, travel, cities, districts, sightseeing, tourist, visitor, tourist attractions, places to visit, monuments, local culture, cultural tourism, local tourismPhoto: Andrey Roshektaev

    Raifa monastery, Tatarstan, Russia, tourism, travel, cities, districts, sightseeing, tourist, visitor, tourist attractions, places to visit, monuments, local culture, cultural tourism, local tourismPhoto: Andrey Roshektaev

    Raifa monastery, Tatarstan, Russia, tourism, travel, cities, districts, sightseeing, tourist, visitor, tourist attractions, places to visit, monuments, local culture, cultural tourism, local tourismPhoto: Andrey Roshektaev

    Raifa monastery, Tatarstan, Russia, tourism, travel, cities, districts, sightseeing, tourist, visitor, tourist attractions, places to visit, monuments, local culture, cultural tourism, local tourismPhoto: Andrey Roshektaev

    Raifa, ice sculptures, Tatarstan, Russia, tourism, travel, cities, districts, sightseeing, tourist, visitor, tourist attractions, places to visit, monuments, local culture, cultural tourism, local tourismPhoto: Andrey Roshektaev

    Ice sculpture at the Raifa Lake, ice sculptures, Tatarstan, Russia, tourism, travel, cities, districts, sightseeing, tourist, visitor, tourist attractions, places to visit, monuments, local culture, cultural tourism, local tourismPhoto: D. van Nieuwburg

    Ice sculpture at the Raifa Lake, ice sculptures, Tatarstan, Russia, tourism, travel, cities, districts, sightseeing, tourist, visitor, tourist attractions, places to visit, monuments, local culture, cultural tourism, local tourismPhoto: D. van Nieuwburg

    Ice sculpture at the Raifa Lake, ice sculptures, Tatarstan, Russia, tourism, travel, cities, districts, sightseeing, tourist, visitor, tourist attractions, places to visit, monuments, local culture, cultural tourism, local tourismPhoto: D. van Nieuwburg

    Ice sculpture at the Raifa Lake, ice sculptures, Tatarstan, Russia, tourism, travel, cities, districts, sightseeing, tourist, visitor, tourist attractions, places to visit, monuments, local culture, cultural tourism, local tourismPhoto: D. van Nieuwburg

    Ice sculpture at the Raifa Monastery, Tatarstan, Russia, tourism, travel, cities, districts, sightseeing, tourist, visitor, tourist attractions, places to visit, monuments, local culture, cultural tourism, local tourismPhoto: D. van Nieuwburg

    Ice sculpture at the Raifa Monastery, Tatarstan, Russia, tourism, travel, cities, districts, sightseeing, tourist, visitor, tourist attractions, places to visit, monuments, local culture, cultural tourism, local tourismPhoto: D. van Nieuwburg

    Christmas tree in Raifa, Tatarstan, Russia, tourism, travel, cities, districts, sightseeing, tourist, visitor, tourist attractions, places to visit, monuments, local culture, cultural tourism, local tourismPhoto: D. van Nieuwburg

     

     

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  • Religion

    The Sunnite Islam appeared in the territory of Tatarstan in the beginning of the 10th century. Nowadays it is confessed by half of the population of the republic – the Tatars and the Bashkirs. The Tatars are the most Northern Muslim nation in the world. The Orthodox Christian Church appeared here in the middle of the 16th century after collapse of the Kazan Khanate. Today the other half of the population – the Russians, the Chuvashs, the Mari, the Udmurts, the Mordvinians, and some Tatars shares this religion. At present, about 700 mosques and 200 churches are functioning in the Republic of Tatarstan (Iskhakov, 1993).

  • Repentance (Tauba) mosque

    Location: Naberezhnye Chelny

    It was built in 1992 by the architect M.Basyrov, and represents a building of ferro-concrete and brick but it has combined Tatar popular traditions with features of modern Islamic architecture of the Middle East.