customs

customs

  • Cuisine of the peoples of Tatarstan

    Tatar cuisine is very diverse, and its diversity is a result of influence of ethnical traditions as well as cuisine of neighbouring peoples and peoples which were used to pass through the region. Many meals were inherited from them: katyk, bal-mai, kabartma from the Bulgars, pelmeni and tea from the Chinese, pilaw and pakhleve from peoples of the Middle East region.

    Kystybyi, cuisine, ethnical cuisine, national cuisine, Tatarstan, Russia, tourism, travel, cities, districts, sightseeing, tourist, visitor, tourist attractions, places to visit, monuments, local culture, cultural tourism, local tourismSpecial eating norms and rules were imposed by Islam. By the Shariat it is forbidden to use for food pork, birds such as falcon, and swan which was considered to be sacred. In the ninth month of the Muslim lunar calendar, Ramadan, all Muslims older than 12 took a 29-30-day fast – uraza – completely abstaining from food and drink in the light time of the day. The Shariat calls for moderateness of meal in everyday life too. The end of Ramadan – Uraza-Bairam – is celebrated with various delicious meals and drinks.

    Ochpochmak, cuisine, ethnical cuisine, national cuisine, Tatarstan, Russia, tourism, travel, cities, districts, sightseeing, tourist, visitor, tourist attractions, places to visit, monuments, local culture, cultural tourism, local tourismOne of the main food bans is wine and other alcohol drinks. The Koran says that wine, similar to a gambling game, has good and bad points, but the latter dominate.

    Belish, cuisine, ethnical cuisine, national cuisine, Tatarstan, Russia, tourism, travel, cities, districts, sightseeing, tourist, visitor, tourist attractions, places to visit, monuments, local culture, cultural tourism, local tourismEarly days each meal was conducted according to Adab – Islamic ethics. It started with hand-washing. A prayer was obligatory before and after it. Men and women ate separately. A set of table rules according to Tatar scholar and scientist Kayum Nasiri: “Sit down to table as soon as a meal is served, do not keep people waiting. Eat with your right hand, if there are respectable people at table, do not touch food ahead of them – it is impolite. Moderate meal is of great benefit – it promotes healthy body, sharp mind, strong memory”.

    Koymaklar, cuisine, ethnical cuisine, national cuisine, Tatarstan, Russia, tourism, travel, cities, districts, sightseeing, tourist, visitor, tourist attractions, places to visit, monuments, local culture, cultural tourism, local tourismThe basis of a meal was meat, mainly mutton, lamb and poultry, and dairy and vegetable food. Milk products which were widely used – cream, butter. Fermented milk was made into a favorite Tatar drink – katyk, which was used to prepare Tatar curds syuzma. Other sorts of curds – yeremchek and kort, which were used in many meals.

    Tokmach, cuisine, ethnical cuisine, national cuisine, Tatarstan, Russia, tourism, travel, cities, districts, sightseeing, tourist, visitor, tourist attractions, places to visit, monuments, local culture, cultural tourism, local tourismThere were and still are a typical range of meals: soups and broths (shulpa, tokmach) meat, dairy and lenten; and baked pastry with meat, potatoes or porridge filling - belesh, peremyach, echpochmak, sumsa and others. Tea had a important role in the table ceremony. Tea with pastry can replace breakfast or supper. First thing a visitor was treated was tea which usually was served with sweet pastry - chak-chak, kosh-tele, honey, katlama.

    Peremech, cuisine, ethnical cuisine, national cuisine, Tatarstan, Russia, tourism, travel, cities, districts, sightseeing, tourist, visitor, tourist attractions, places to visit, monuments, local culture, cultural tourism, local tourismTea was a part of all ceremonial traditions. It was served differently by every occasion: at a child's birth – pure-alba, wedding – bal-mai were made of honey and butter. Sherbet – a sweet fruit and honey drink – was an part of the wedding ceremony, during which a bride sent sherbet to visitors, who drunk it and put money-gifts on a tray.

    Kazan cuisine, which absorbed the culinary traditions of East and European influence, as well as neighbouring regions, which are also so different in their culinary traditions, is rich in most varied dishes of everyday and festive cooking. The cuisine is a reflection of national culture and hospitality, and has kept its authenticity to these days.

    Based on materials of Z.M.Kamalova, J.A.Akhmetzhyanov, tatar.ru 

    Recepies

  • Local history museum "Peoples friendship"

    Location: Baltasinsky district, the village of Tsip’ya

    The museum was founded on May 9, 1965. Since 1982 the museum was transformed into "Tsipyinsky Museum of Local Lore Friendship of Peoples" consisting of nine exposition and exhibition halls, and a storage facility. It is an affiliate of the State Joint Museum. 
    A biggest part of the collection consists of paleontology, archaeology and natural artefacts.
    there are also a lot of historical material about the Civil war and World War II, including about the Heroes of the Soviet Union, natives of the Baltasinsky district.
    The museum has a remarkable collection of exhibits of the history of the region concerning the road to Siberia (Sibirskyi Trakt) which lay through this district and along which many prisoners travelled on their way to hard labour in Siberia.

     

    For more information visit http://www.museum.ru/M2668

     

     

  • Local history museum in Almetyevsk

    Location: Almetyevsk, Mir street, 1 (see the location map below
     
     
    The museum was founded in 1953. In 2003 celebrated it's 50th anniversary and moved to a new building, at the current address.
     
    The museum expositions are representing the area's history from the Neolithic age till the present day. The collections of the museum include artifacts of the ancient time, folklore and multicultural/ethnographical elements, modern history of the oil industry region.
     
     
    Almetyevsk museum of local lore, Tatarstan, Russia, tourism, travel, cities, districts, sightseeing, tourist, visitor, tourist attractions, places to visit, monuments, local culture, cultural tourism, local tourism
     
    Almetyevsk museum of local lore, Tatarstan, Russia, tourism, travel, cities, districts, sightseeing, tourist, visitor, tourist attractions, places to visit, monuments, local culture, cultural tourism, local tourism
     
    Almetyevsk museum of local lore, Tatarstan, Russia, tourism, travel, cities, districts, sightseeing, tourist, visitor, tourist attractions, places to visit, monuments, local culture, cultural tourism, local tourism
     
    Almetyevsk museum of local lore, Tatarstan, Russia, tourism, travel, cities, districts, sightseeing, tourist, visitor, tourist attractions, places to visit, monuments, local culture, cultural tourism, local tourism
     
    Almetyevsk museum of local lore, Tatarstan, Russia, tourism, travel, cities, districts, sightseeing, tourist, visitor, tourist attractions, places to visit, monuments, local culture, cultural tourism, local tourism
     
    Almetyevsk museum of local lore, Tatarstan, Russia, tourism, travel, cities, districts, sightseeing, tourist, visitor, tourist attractions, places to visit, monuments, local culture, cultural tourism, local tourism
     
    Almetyevsk museum of local lore, Tatarstan, Russia, tourism, travel, cities, districts, sightseeing, tourist, visitor, tourist attractions, places to visit, monuments, local culture, cultural tourism, local tourism
     
    Almetyevsk museum of local lore, Tatarstan, Russia, tourism, travel, cities, districts, sightseeing, tourist, visitor, tourist attractions, places to visit, monuments, local culture, cultural tourism, local tourism
     
    Almetyevsk museum of local lore, Tatarstan, Russia, tourism, travel, cities, districts, sightseeing, tourist, visitor, tourist attractions, places to visit, monuments, local culture, cultural tourism, local tourism
     
     
     
     
     
  • National Cultural Center "Kazan"

    Location: Pushkina Str. 86, Kazan

    for more information visit https://nkc-kazan.ru/

     

     

  • Russian folk calendar

     
     Month  Slavic name
     Meaning
     January  Sechen'
    (Сечень)
     Time of tree felling
     February  Lyutyi, Snezhen'
    (Лютый, Снежень)
     Month of frosts and snowfalls
     March Berezozol, Protal'nik, Kapel'nik
    (Березозол, Протальник, Капельник)
     Cutting birch (beryoza), burning it to ashes (zola) for agricultural purpose
     April  Tsveten'
    (Цветень)
     Start of blossoming (tsvetenie)
     May  Traven'
    (Травень)
     Grass (trava) covers the ground
     June  Cherven', Izok
    (Червень, Изок)

     Collecting material for making red paint,
    or grasshopper (izok)

     July  Lipets, Stradnik
    (Липец, Страдник)
     Linden blossoms,
    or haymaking time
     August  Serpen'
    (Серпень)
     Time to harvest by sickle (serp)
     Semtember  Khmuren'
    (Хмурень)
     Cloudy (kmuroe) sky
     October  Listopad, Gryaznik
    (Листопад, Грязник)
     Autumn fall of leaves, time of mud (gryaz')
     November  Gruden'
    (Грудень)
     Frozen muddy road (gruden')
     December  Studen'
    (Студень)
     Frost (stuzha)
  • Tatar folk calendar

     
     Month
    Tatar name   Meaning
     January

    Enem kyrlach ae
    (Энем кырлач ае)

     Month of small frost
     February Bush ai
    (Буш ай)
     Empty (free) month
     March Nauruz ae
    (Науруз ае)
     Month of a new year
     April Yaz ae
    (Яз ае)
     Spring month
     May Saban ae
    (Сабан ае)
     Month of sowing
     June Zhei ae
    (Жэй ае)
     Summer month
     July Chelle ae
    (Челлэ ае)
     Month of heet and hot wind
     August Chelle ae
    (Челлэ ае)
     Month of heet and hot wind
     September Ashlyk sugu ae
    (Ашлык сугу ае)
     Month of harvesting
     October Keleu ae
    (Келэу ае)
     Month of lightnings and offerings
     November Kysh ae
    (Кыш ае)
     Winter month
     December Aga kyrlach ae
    (Ага кырлач ае)
     Month of big frost
  • Traditional Tatar clothes

    Nowadays people in Tatarstan, especially those living in cities, wear the same clothes as people from megapolices around the world. Though there are some features which belong only Tatars - tyubeteika, shawl, cotton headshawl and so.

    But few dacades ago the Tatar traditional costum was different. Traditional clothes of men consisted of a broad and long shirtsleeve (kyul'mek), easy with straight backs dressing gowns (yshtan), and a camsole (kamzun). In winter cold time men dressed in fur coats (tun) or multon coats (tulup). Men’s headgears were tyubeteika, round fur caps, malahay, and hats - in summer and spring; felt and fur hats in winter (burek). Bukhara dressing gowns were also popular (chapan) and scarfs, as outer clothing had no high and turn down collars.

    Traditional female clothes had much in common with men’s clothing. The main parts were a long shirt (kyul'mek) and trousers (yshtan). Female clothing was richly decorated with embroidery and trim. Women also wore camsoles made of velvet and an apron. A special element of Tatar women’s clothing was a kalphak. The Tatar women had a variety of headgears: different kinds of shawls (yaulyk), ear-flaps, etc. The Tatars also wore leather boots (kata, chitek, kevesh) and multicoloured shoes. Young women also wore breast ornaments made from corals and coins. The Tatar girls walked with an uncovered head, the adult girls and women always carried cotton shawls.

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