Alekseevsky district

Alekseevsky district

  • Alekseevsky district and its sights and attractions

    The centre of the district is Alekseevskoe. Area - 2080,1 square km. Population - 26,1 thousand people. The district was founded in 1964.

    The settlement of Alekseevskoe is situated on the bank of the Kuibyshev reservoir, 108 km to the south-east from Kazan, near to the Nizhnekamsk reservoir. At the settlement you can find a ferry over the Kama river. Population – 9,3 thousand people.

     

     Coat of arms

    Flag 

     Alekseevsky district, Tatarstan, Russia, tourism, travel, cities, districts, sightseeing, tourist, visitor, tourist attractions, places to visit, monuments, local culture, cultural tourism, local tourism

     Alekseevsky district, Tatarstan, Russia, tourism, travel, cities, districts, sightseeing, tourist, visitor, tourist attractions, places to visit, monuments, local culture, cultural tourism, local tourism

     

     

  • Balynguz cemetery

    Location: Alekseevsky district

    This cemetery is of the 13th-16th centuries. Dozens of gravestones were known were as early as the 18th century (some of them are now in museums). Traces have survived of white stone foundations of burial vaults. According to legend and historical research, it is known that at this site burials of important people took place not only during the period of the Golden Horde but also during the Kazan Khanate. A small Tatar village was established as early as the 17th century beyond the Toretskyi ravine to protect the graves and mausoleums, which were considered holy.

     

     

  • Bilyar ancient settlement (Bilyarskoe gorodishche)

    Location: Alekseevsky district, Bilyar

    The cultural layer of a major medieval city, the capital of Volga Bulgaria from 10th century to 1236. It was a centre of economic, political and cultural life known by the name of Bilyr, Bulyar and in the Russian chronicles Velikyi Gorod (the Great City). This is a whole complex of archaeological monuments, which includes, apart from the fortified parts, extensive non-fortified suburbs, town necropolis-cemeteries and estates beyond the town. All this complex, the area of which amounts to almost 800 hectares, occupies a large roughly right-angled square, surrounded by concentrically arranged earth ramparts and ditches – the remains of defensive fortifications. The latter divide the territory into two parts – the inner and outer city. Two lines of ramparts and ditches 5 km in length surrounded the inner city with an inhabited area on 116 hectares. The outer city, with an inhabited area of 374 hectares, by three lines of fortification more than 10 km long, the overall area of the ancient settlement together with fortifications amounts to about 700 hectares. It has been archeologically established that as early as the 10th-11th centuries the town occupied an impressively large area and from the very beginning had the division into two parts. The city perished in the autumn of 1236 as a result of the Mongol conquest. It never recovered after that.

    A number of monuments of Bulgar monumental architecture have been discovered in the central part of the inner city. The most important are the remnants of the cathedral mosque consisting of two parts: wooden and white stone with a large separately standing minaret (as early as the 18th century researchers had noted the remains of the walls, the pillar-minaret and the portals). The overall area of the prayer halls of the mosque amounted to about 2500 m². Among the remains of other structures of particular note are the brick building with central (under-floor) heating in the close vicinity of the mosque, and the brick caravanserai and baths.

    In the middle of 17th century the fortifications of the Bilyar Gorodishche were included in the system of defensive lives of the Zakam’e line and an encampment of musketeers (strel’tsy) was established here under the name of Bilyarsk suburb, which later grew into the village of Bilyarsk.

    The archaeological monuments of Bilyarsk:

    • Bilyar trading quarter (posad) (10th-13th centuries)
    • Bilyar burial grounds (10th-13th centuries)
    • Bilyar mosque complex (10th-12th centuries) is one of the biggest buildings of medieval Eastern Europe known today – the area of its interior was no less than 2000 m². Preserved to the level of foundations.
    • Bilyar feudal lord’s house (10th-13th centuries) preserves to the level of the foundations and the foundations of the walls. It was equipped with an extensive system of underground heating. The earliest brick dwelling to have been discovered in the central part of Eastern Europe.
    • Bilyar "caravanserai" (10th-13th centuries) remains of the walls and foundations of the brick building, which had under-floor heating and of the courtyard paved in brick.
    • Bilyar "bathhouse" (11th-13th centuries)
    • Bilyar well (12th-13th centuries) is one of the 12 wells in the ancient settlement has been studied. The depth is 7.6 m it was restored and subjected to conservation measures in the 19th century.

     

     

  • Bilyar State historical-archaeological museum and nature reserve

    Location: Alekseevsky district, Bilyar

    The complex covers an area of 3,840 hectares including an original set of surviving natural features. They characterise the natural conditions of the wooded steppe area of eastern Europe from an historical point of view. A concentrated array of various archaeological monuments from almost all epochs, from the Bronze Age to the late medieval period, remains of felled tree barriers of the Russian State in the 17th century. Historical and cultural monuments linked to the names of the Academicians Butlerov and Arbuzov and others. In 1992 a museum reserve was set up with the aim to preserve the complex.

     

     

  • Christian cemetery with chapel

    Location: Alekseevsky district, the Butlerovka village

    This area is about 10 hectares. The chapel has been preserved here together with the burial vault of the famous scholar A.M.Butlerov. There are other archaeological monuments from various epochs – ancient village settlements, burial mounds, graveyards, and also the natural landscape of meadows, the forest tract along the river Malyi Cheremshan and its tributaries. Among the monuments if the Bol’she-Tiganskyi graveyard reliably known to have been left by the ancient Hungarian tribes which lid a nomadic existence between the 7th-9th centuries in the Volga and Belaya rivers within the boundaries of the legendary Great Hungary.

     

     

  • Gorkinskoe I ancient settlement

    Location: Alekseevsky district, at the Gorka village

    It is an area with adjacent monuments covering 42 hectares.

     

     

  • Gorkinskoe II ancient settlement (Balynguz)

    Location: Alekseevsky district, at the Gorka village

    This site remains of an uncompleted town of the 1330s-1340s with an area of about 400 hectares together with adjacent monuments on the Bal’gaguz hill (mausoleum). In area this is the second largest ancient settlement of Tatarstan and the Middle Volga region after Bilyar.

     

     

  • Nikol'sko-Baranskie ancient settlements I and II

    Location: Alekseevsky district

    This site is an area with adjacent monuments of the 10th-13th centuries covering 93 hectares.

     

     

  • The village of Bilyar - Bilyar State Historical, Archaeological and Natural Museum-Reserve

    Location: Alekseevsky district, Bilyarsk, Arbuzov Str. 2

    This is one of the most important places linked with the history of the Bulgar State. Bilyar (from the Bulgar – "great") was the biggest of the towns not only of Bulgaria (Suvar, Oshel’, Dzhuketau, etc) but also of medieval Eurasia as a whole (according to archaeologists, bigger than London or Paris of that time).

    From the 10th to the 13th centuries Bilyar was the capital of the Bulgar State. Its area reached 10 million m². The territory included a citadel, inner city, outer city and trading quarter. In the citadel protected by a wooden wall up to 10 m thick, there was a large cathedral mosque, royal cemetery, palace complex, storerooms and workshop. Consisting of big white stone, brick and wooden buildings the town made a striking impression on travellers. One of them, Dzhevaliki, compared its buildings with those of Rum (Constantinople). In the autumn, 1236, the Mongols destroyed Bilyar. In the 14th-16th centuries Bilyar was an ordinary town of Bulgaria and the Kazan Khanate. In the 17th-18th centuries it was a fortified town along the old Zakam’e line which protested against raids by Bashkirs and Nogais. In the 19th century it was famous for its pottery.

    For more information visit https://xn--80abeiejgafejid0blpls8x.xn--p1ai/