Nurlat, with its roots dating back to the 19th century, derives its name from the anthroponym “Nur“. It means light or radiance. The village of Nurlaty existed in the 19th century, and names like Nurlat, Nurly, and Nurulla reflect the luminous connotations, with Nur symbolising light and Allah’s radiance.
Founded in 1905 as a railway settlement, Nurlat evolved into a bustling town by 1961. In 2009, the city celebrated its centennial anniversary, coinciding with Russia Day on June 12th. The town stands as a testament to progress and resilience.
Nurlat during the Great Patriotic War
During the autumn of 1941, Moscow dispatched a train carrying machinery, specialists, and equipment to Nurlat. In a strategic move, the “Mosmetrostroy” plant was repurposed for wartime production under the decision of the State Defense Committee. The plant played a crucial role in producing artillery shells for the iconic “Katyusha” rocket launchers throughout the years 1941-1945.
Economic of the town vibrancy is evident through its machinery and oilseed plants, as well as the oil and gas enterprises of AO “Tatneft.” The region boasts cultivation of grains, fodder crops, corn, and sugar beets. As well as the breeding of livestock including cattle, pigs, sheep, and horses. Beekeeping is well developed. Exploitation of oil and gas deposits and clay resources for lightweight aggregates.
Cultural and Historical Riches
The town embraces its history through the Regional Museum of the History of Zakamye and the city of Nurlat, established in June 2002. Formerly known as the Historical and Local Lore Museum of the district, it attained the status of a Regional Museum of the History of Zakamye and Nurlat in December 2003. The museum is a treasure trove of cultural artifacts, preserving the essence of the region.
Nurlat is not just a city – it’s a living chronicle of resilience, progress, and cultural richness, inviting visitors to explore its vibrant past and dynamic present.