As of the year 2022, the Republic of Tatarstan boasts a population of approximately 3.9 million individuals, comprising a diverse demographic landscape. Among these inhabitants, 3 million people call urban areas their home, while the remaining 0.9 million reside in rural regions. The territorial organisation of Tatarstan is marked by its administrative divisions. They consist of 43 districts, 22 cities and towns, 17 urban settlements, and nearly 900 rural settlements. This distribution has given rise to an intriguing interplay between urban and rural life within the region. The population density, a key metric reflecting this intricate mix, stands at 57.28 individuals per square kilometer, shedding light on the demographic dynamics prevalent in Tatarstan during 2022.

Tatarstan, as a cultural mosaic, stands out as a multi-ethnic republic, where harmonious coexistence is achieved among more than 70 ethnic groups. The two most prominent ethnic groups in this diverse tapestry are the Tatars, constituting nearly 53% of the total population, and the Russians, representing approximately 37% of the population. 

Nevertheless, it’s essential to acknowledge that due to historical factors, only one-fourth of all Tatars hailing from the former USSR have chosen to make the Republic of Tatarstan their residence. This dispersal of the Tatar population has led to the emergence of substantial Tatar communities in various locations, including the Volga-Urals region, Siberia, Ukraine, Kazakhstan, several Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) nations, Moscow, and St. Petersburg. Beyond the borders of the Russian Federation, Tatar communities have also found their place in many countries spanning Europe, Asia, America, and Australia. This fact contributes to the world diversity of Tatar culture and heritage. The diaspora highlights the enduring impact and influence of the Tatar people on a global scale.